Browse Items (616 total)

The zinc iodide-osmium tetroxide (ZIO) fixative-staining method was used along with topographical ultrastructure to investigate cholecystectomized human gallbladders under light and electron microscopic techniques. This method delineated neuronal…

Light, scanning, and transmission electron microscopic observations related to morphological changes of the right atrium as well as the atrial endocardium during development (15th embryonic day and 1 day old) and aging (560 days old) in the Syrian…

Using the indirect antibody peroxidase-antiperoxidase method of Sternberger, we localized substance P (SP), somatostatin (SOM), enkephalin (ENK), and serotonin (5HT, 5-hydroxytryptamine) in the spinal cord of Rana pipiens. This is the first study to…

The murine nerve growth factor, when injected i.v. or, combined in vitro with plasma, was found largely associated with the mouse alpha-macroglobulin (a homologue of human alpha 2-macroglobulin). The nerve growth factor-alpha-macroglobulin complex…

The ability to perceive nonverbal facial cues was tested in 30 White, middle-class females. Pre- and post-menses responses of 15 subjects diagnosed as having Premenstrual Tension Syndrome (PMS) were compared to the responses of age-matched controls.…

This study was initiated to confirm the existence of brain-reactive autoantibodies and to determine if such antibodies have higher affinity for brain regions especially affected in Alzheimer's disease. Serum collected from 90, 300, and 600 day old…

Penetration of the KOS strain of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) and the MS and 333 strains of herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) into HEp-2 cells at pH 6.3 was at least 100-fold less efficient than at pH 7.4. Penetration of two low passage…

We evaluated the possibility that massive, sympathetic nervous system (SNS) activation [as may precede the development of neurogenic pulmonary edema (NPE)] increases O2 demand. O2 consumption (VO2) and plasma concentrations of the calorigenic agents,…

We evaluated the effect of systemically administered histamine on coronary vascular permeability (CVP) of pentobarbital-anesthetized, open-chest dogs with and without beta-receptor blockade. We determined changes in CVP by comparing prenodal cardiac…

The solvent drag reflection coefficient (sigma) for total proteins can be estimated by comparing the relative degrees of concentration of erythrocytes and plasma proteins that occur during fluid filtration in an isolated perfused organ. In this…

Previous studies have suggested that papaverine, a drug commonly used in studies of transvascular fluid and solute exchange to eliminate confounding effects of changes in vascular tone, may itself increase vascular permeability. In this study, we…

Neurogenic pulmonary edema (NPE) may develop in individuals with head trauma or seizures and is generally thought to have a hydrostatic basis in the severe degree of pulmonary hypertension that occurs. Recently, it has been suggested that vascular…

Dislodgement of Hickman, Broviac, and Mediport catheters is a rare but recognized complication. To date, no specific etiology for this has been cited. We present five cases of dislodgement due to positional changes in large-breasted women and one man…

The secretion of growth hormone (GH) is abnormal in genetically obese Zucker rats. Measurements of pulsatile GH release and circulating GH levels in lean (Fa/?) and obese (fa/fa) rats have shown that both are reduced in the latter. We have studied…

A device designed to augment venous filling by applying a vacuum to the arm during tourniquet application was evaluated in adult patients considered to have difficult peripheral venous access and in need of nonemergent venipuncture or intravenous…

During a four-year period, we have treated unstable fractures of the distal radius with closed anatomic reduction and insertion of a Rush intramedullary rod through a small dorsoradial wrist incision, followed by early controlled range of motion. In…

Long-term potentiation (LTP), intensively studied in the hippocampus as a possible mnemonic device, has begun to be studied in the neocortex. In this study the effects of varying tetanic stimulus parameters on LTP of field potentials recorded from…

In a 22 year study, 21 women had acute pancreatitis develop during pregnancy (11 women) or within six weeks post partum (ten women). Gallstones were the cause of the pancreatitis in all. Operation during the acute attack of pancreatitis was required…

Nine male rats were trained to discriminate 1.4 mg/kg norfenfluramine (NF) from its vehicle using a two-lever, food-motivated, operant discrimination task. Once trained, the rats showed a dose-dependent decrease in responding on the

The medical records of 243 asymptomatic women aged 50 years or older were reviewed at a community-based family practice center to determine the proportion who had been referred for a screening mammogram and to identify correlates of mammography…

Successful strategies for preventing childhood injuries require better understanding of injury epidemiology. A case-control study was designed to identify risk factors for injury among preschool patients of a university-affiliated, community-based…

The response of primary somatosensory cortex (SI) to cutaneous stimulation of the hand was studied in one unanesthetized monkey to examine more closely the previously reported dependence of a behaviorally relevant late component of the evoked…

The antinociceptive effects of MDMA and morphine were examined in rats using the tail-flick and hot-plate analgesiometric tests. MDMA, in the dose range of 1.5-6.0 mg/kg IP, produced a dose-dependent elevation in hot-plate latency, but did not…

The reticular formation of mammals contains numerous nuclei which can be recognized by their projection patterns, cytoarchitectonics, and neuropeptide/neurotransmitter content. We have identified reticular nuclei in representatives from numerous…

Using a synthetic 26 base pair (bp) oligonucleotide, we have screened a rabbit liver cDNA library in lambda gt11 and isolated a 1000 bp DNA clone corresponding to cytochrome b5 mRNA. The clone contains the complete coding region and long 5' and 3'…

We have reviewed the 10-year experience of a community teaching hospital with gastric epithelial polyps and have analyzed 121 polyps removed from 35 patients. Hyperplastic polyps constituted nearly 75% of the polyps examined; fundic gland polyps…

Levels of growth hormone (GH) are reduced in the genetically obese Zucker rat, fa/fa, in comparison to lean littermates. In normal rats, GH release is regulated by stimulatory and inhibitory factors of hypothalamic origin. The present experiment…

An improved, HPLC with electrochemical detection method for the isocratic separation and determination of amino acids from post-mortem brain tissue and from microdialysates of awake-behaving animals is described. Optimal conditions that maximize…

A rapid microassay is described for the measurement of biogenic amines using an isocratic HPLC system with electrochemical detection. Catecholamines, indoleamines and their major metabolites were extracted with 150 microliters of perchloric acid from…

The vascular supply and tendons of the extensor digitorum longus (EDL) muscles of two adult rats were unilaterally severed and the muscles were allowed to regenerate for 40 days. Serial frozen sections of muscle grafts were cut and stained for…

Acute urinary retention is a common emergency genitourinary symptom. The etiology of acute retention includes obstructive, neurogenic, pharmacologic, and psychogenic causes. The emergency management of acute urinary retention is bladder…

Adult epiglottitis (or "supraglottitis") is an uncommon but increasingly recognized entity. Though prior studies emphasized the fulminant nature of the disease, recent evidence suggests that epiglottitis in adults may follow a relatively less severe…

RCIRF is a complex syndrome resulting in acute renal dysfunction following exposure to radiologic contrast media. It accounts for 10 per cent of all cases of acute renal failure. The pathogenesis appears multifactorial but most probably involves…

The medical records of 109 patients who presented to the emergency department during a five-year period with proven nontraumatic, spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) were retrospectively reviewed. The clinical presentation, diagnostic…

Aspartame (APM) is a low-calorie sweetener recently approved and released for widespread use in the United States. However, concerns still exist that APM consumption may be responsible for adverse neurological and psychological effects in some…
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