Browse Items (830 total)

BACKGROUND: A causal relationship between antigenic conditions and multiple myeloma was suggested by case reports. Although controlled studies identified associations with individual conditions, they failed to give overall support to the hypothesis.…

All the intact female Syrian hamsters treated with medroxyprogesterone (MP) for a one-month period, without dietary manipulation, display gallbladder surface epithelial changes, and intraluminal deposits. These changes include excrescences in various…

This study examined the validity and reliability of full and short versions of the Arthritis Impact Measurement Scales (AIMS). One hundred fifty-five patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis followed at a University Hospital Rheumatology Clinic completed…

We localized serotonin (5-HT), leu-enkephalin (LENK), and tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) immunoreactive cells in the brain of a holocephalian, Hydrolagus colliei, by use of antibodies made in rabbit and the peroxidase-antiperoxidase technique. Only three…

This study examined the output of the central nucleus of the inferior colliculus to the medial geniculate body and other parts of the nervous system in the mustached bat (Pteronotus parnellii). Small deposits of anterograde tracers (horseradish…

According to 1992 Cancer Statistics, prostate carcinoma is once again predicted to be the most common cancer in men, exceeding the incidence of lung cancer. In American men, this cancer is estimated to be the second most frequent cause of cancer…

We studied the ontogeny of inhibitory and excitatory processes in the rat dentate gyrus by examining paired-pulse plasticity in the hippocampal slice preparation. The mature dentate gyrus produces characteristic paired-pulse responses across a wide…

Hippocampal CA1 cells possess several varieties of long-lasting synaptic plasticity: two different forms of long-term potentiation (LTP) and at least one form of long-term depression (LTD). All forms of synaptic plasticity are induced by afferent…

Levels of pituitary growth hormone (GH) messenger RNA (mRNA) were compared in groups of genetically obese (fa/fa) and lean (Fa/-) littermate male Zucker rats at four different ages, 3, 5, 9, and 11 weeks, in order to determine the earliest age at…

alpha 2-Macroglobulin (alpha 2M) is a rather ubiquitous protein in extracellular spaces of mammals. It is an inhibitor of endopeptidases, can be modified by aliphatic amines, and combines with a number of hormones/cytokines such as beta-nerve growth…

Monoamine-activated alpha 2-macroglobulin (alpha 2M) has recently been shown to inhibit the growth and survival of cholinergic neurons of the basal forebrain (Liebl and Koo: J Neurosci Res 35:170-182, 1993). The mechanism of this inhibitory effect is…

Monoamine-activated alpha 2-macroglobulin (alpha 2M) has been shown to inhibit choline acetyltransferase in basal forebrain neurons as well as neurotrophin-dependent neuronal functions. The objective of this study was to determine whether…

The human cholesterol 7 alpha-hydroxylase gene (CYP7) spans about 11 kb of the genome and contains six exons and five introns. Nucleotide sequences of a 5'-upstream region to exon III (5535 bp), a 5'-upstream EcoRI fragment (2575 bp), and an EcoRI…

The effect of introducing intraperitoneal carboplatinum on wound healing immediately after wound closure was studied using a rat model. All animals were opened through a midline incision. A bowel anastomosis was then performed in a single-or…

We report a patient with well-differentiated adenocarcinoma of the endometrium who developed a recurrence in the anterior abdominal wall probably secondary to wound seeding at the time of her original surgery. She underwent total abdominal…

Cocaine abuse may lead to serious cardiac complications, including myocardial ischemia and infarction, myocarditis, cardiomyopathy and arrhythmias. With concomitant use of alcohol and cocaine, cocaethylene is produced by hepatic transformation.…

We conducted post-mortem examinations on 12 patients who had documented metastatic carcinoma to the spine with attendant neurologic complications. The examinations were studied to determine the location of the metastatic lesion in relation to the…

The results of our previous studies (Jamison et al. 1988, 1989, 1990 a, b, c, d, e) have shown that the ability of intercalative dyes to modulate the antiviral activity of poly r(A-U) is related to the groove through which the dyes intercalate into…

We have analyzed reticulocyte and leukocyte mRNAs isolated from a patient with congenital methemoglobinemia and pseudohermaphrodism. The cytochrome b5 cDNA sequences were amplified using specific oligonucleotide primers and the polymerase chain…

We examined the distribution of immunoreactivity to serotonin (5-HT), leu-enkephalin (LENK), tyrosine-hydroxylase (TH), and substance P (SP) within the primary visceral sensory region of cartilaginous fish. Two genera of sharks, Squalus and…

Using very high stringency hybridization conditions for the Southern blot hybridization analysis of hamster-human cell hybrid DNA, we were able to map the human cytochrome b5 gene and two of its pseudogenes (psgb(5)1 and psgb(5)2) unambiguously to…

Differential Northern blot hybridization was used as a screening tool to identify mRNAs that respond quantitatively to the induction of ethanol dependence. Adult male rats were treated with repeated, high doses of ethanol for 4 consecutive days. This…

Our purpose has been to illuminate questions surrounding the use of literature in medical education, and to propose criteria for selecting literature which is more likely to evoke readers to reflect on their personal and professional selves. We have…

In the present experiment we tested the effects of L-DOPA upon dopamine (DA) efflux in vitro from superfused corpus striatal tissue fragments in medium containing reserpine. The purposes of this experiment were first, to evaluate the effects of…

In the present experiment we tested the effects of L-DOPA and amphetamine upon dopamine and DOPAC efflux in vitro from superfused corpus striatal tissue fragments of male rats who had been pretreated with reserpine. Male rats were treated with…

We studied the ability of internal medicine residents to recognize depressive symptoms in a population of lower socio-economic primary care patients. Four hundred twenty patients completed the short form of the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI).…

Rats selectively bred for high alcohol sleep times (HAS) and those that are less affected (LAS) by hypnotic doses (3.0-3.6 g/kg) of ethanol were tested for differential responses to the aversive effects of 1.0 g/kg ethanol in a conditioned place…

In the present report we examined the effects of estrogen upon catecholamine release from superfused medial basal hypothalamic tissue fragments of pre-pubertal ovariectomized CD-1 mice. Prepubertal mice treated with estradiol benzoate (EB–5…

Using a combination of standard cDNA library screening techniques and the Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) we have isolated and sequenced DNA fragments corresponding to the human reticulocyte cytochrome b5 mRNA. The reticulocyte specific sequence…

This study was designed to ascertain whether individuals with mood disorders are particularly vulnerable to adverse effects of aspartame. Although the protocol required the recruitment of 40 patients with unipolar depression and a similar number of…
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