Browse Items (216 total)
- Tags: 2009
Bile acids activate fibroblast growth factor 19 signaling in human hepatocytes to inhibit cholesterol 7alpha-hydroxylase gene expression.
Tags: 2009, Butadienes/pharmacology, Carcinoma, Cell Line, Chenodeoxycholic Acid/*pharmacology, Chiang John Y L, Cholesterol 7-alpha-Hydroxylase/*biosynthesis, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear/metabolism/physiology, Department of Integrative Medical Sciences, DNA-Binding Proteins/metabolism, Fibroblast Growth Factor, Fibroblast Growth Factors/drug effects/*physiology, Gene Expression/drug effects, Hepatocellular/metabolism, Hepatocytes/metabolism, Hepatology (Baltimore, Md.), Humans, Isoxazoles/pharmacology, Li Tiangang, Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 1/metabolism, Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 3/metabolism, NEOMED College of Medicine, Nitriles/pharmacology, Owsley Erika, Receptor, Receptors, Signal Transduction/drug effects, Song Kwang-Hoon, Strom Stephen, Transcription Factors/metabolism, Tumor, Type 4/antagonists & inhibitors
Tags: *Attitude of Health Personnel, *Hospitalists, *Internship and Residency, 2009, Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use, Antibiotics – Therapeutic Use, Attitude of Health Personnel, Duggal Abhijit, Emergency Service, Emergency Service – Administration, Hospital/*organization & administration, Hospitalists, Humans, Internship and Residency, Journal of hospital medicine, Pneumonia – Diagnosis, Pneumonia – Drug Therapy, Pneumonia/diagnosis/*drug therapy
Tags: *Sex Characteristics, 2009, 80 and over, Adult, Aged, Antidepressive Agents – Adverse Effects, Antidepressive Agents – Classification, Antidepressive Agents/*adverse effects/classification, Baughman Kristin R, Bourguet Claire C, Department of Family & Community Medicine, Female, Human, Humans, Male, Middle Age, Middle Aged, Movement disorders : official journal of the Movement Disorder Society, NEOMED College of Medicine, Ober Scott K, Observation, Observational Methods, Primary Health Care – Statistics and Numerical Data, Primary Health Care/statistics & numerical data, Regression, Regression Analysis, Reproduction, Restless Legs – Chemically Induced, Restless Legs Syndrome/*chemically induced, Risk Factors, Veterans, Young Adult
A unique case of ovarian psammocarcinoma with mediastinal, pulmonary, subcutaneous, and omental metastases.
Tags: 2009, Archives of gynecology and obstetrics, Chase Daniel M, Cystadenocarcinoma, Female, Gener Melissa, Humans, Lung Neoplasms/*secondary, Lung/pathology, Mediastinal Neoplasms/*secondary, Mediastinum/pathology, Middle Aged, Ovarian Neoplasms/*pathology, Pelvis/pathology, Peritoneal Neoplasms/*secondary, Serous/*secondary, Smith James, Soft Tissue Neoplasms/*secondary, Sparks Dorothy A, Subcutaneous Fat/pathology
Tags: *Protein Processing, 2009, Animals, Archives of virology, Bower John R, Cercopithecus aethiops, Chatterjee Somik, Cismowski Mary J, Cloning, Gene Expression, Herpesvirus 1, Herpesvirus 2, Human/*genetics, Molecular, Post-Translational, Rosenthal Kenneth Steven, Vero Cells, Viral Envelope Proteins/*metabolism, Viral Proteins/genetics/*metabolism, Wang Jason W
Tags: *Curriculum, *Education, 2009, CURRICULUM planning, Department of Family & Community Medicine, ESSAYS, Health Care Surveys, HUMANITIES education, Humanities/*education, Humans, Medical, Medical education, NEOMED College of Medicine, The Journal of medical humanities, United States, Wear Delese
Effects of bariatric surgery on inflammatory, functional and structural markers of coronary atherosclerosis.
Tags: *Gastric Bypass, 2009, Adult, Biological Markers – Blood, Biomarkers/blood, Blood Flow Velocity – Physiology, Blood Flow Velocity/physiology, Blood Vessels – Pathology, Body Mass Index, Brachial Artery – Ultrasonography, Brachial Artery/diagnostic imaging, C-Reactive Protein – Analysis, C-Reactive Protein/analysis, Carotid Arteries – Pathology, Carotid Arteries/pathology, Cholesterol – Blood, Cholesterol/blood, Coronary Arteriosclerosis – Blood, Coronary Arteriosclerosis – Pathology, Coronary Arteriosclerosis – Physiopathology, Coronary Artery Disease/*blood/pathology/*physiopathology, Department of Internal Medicine, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Gastric Bypass, Habib Phillip, Human, Humans, Male, Mikolich J Ronald, Muscle, NEOMED College of Medicine, Prospective Studies, Scrocco John David, Smooth – Pathology, Terek Megan, The American journal of cardiology, Triglycerides – Blood, Triglycerides/blood, Tunica Intima/pathology, Tunica Media/pathology, Ultrasonography, Vanek Vincent, Vasodilation – Physiology, Vasodilation/physiology
Forkhead box transcription factor O1 inhibits cholesterol 7alpha-hydroxylase in human hepatocytes and in high fat diet-fed mice.
Tags: 2009, Adenoviridae/genetics, Animals, Bile Acids and Salts/biosynthesis, Biochimica et biophysica acta, Cell Line, Cell Nucleus/drug effects/metabolism, Chiang John Y L, Cholesterol 7-alpha-Hydroxylase/*antagonists & inhibitors/genetics/metabolism, Department of Integrative Medical Sciences, Dietary Fats/*administration & dosage/*pharmacology, Down-Regulation/drug effects, Enzymologic/drug effects, Feeding Behavior/*drug effects, Forkhead Box Protein O1, Forkhead Transcription Factors/genetics/*metabolism, Gene Expression Regulation, Gene Knockdown Techniques, Gene Transfer Techniques, Hepatocytes/drug effects/*enzymology, Humans, Inbred C57BL, Insulin Resistance, Insulin/metabolism, Lee Yoon-Kwang, Li Tiangang, Ma Huiyan, Male, Messenger/genetics/metabolism, Mice, Moore David D, NEOMED College of Medicine, Park Young Joo, RNA, RNA Interference/drug effects, Strom Stephen, Tumor
Genetic alteration in the dopamine transporter differentially affects male and female nigrostriatal transporter systems.
Tags: 2009, Animals, Biochemical pharmacology, Bourque Melanie, Corpus Striatum/*metabolism, Di Paolo Therese, Dluzen Dean E, Dopamine Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins/*genetics, Female, Ji Jing, Male, Messenger/biosynthesis, Mice, Mutant Strains, Protein Binding, Reserpine/pharmacology, RNA, Sex Characteristics, Substantia Nigra/*metabolism, Vesicular Monoamine Transport Proteins/antagonists & inhibitors/biosynthesis/*physiology
Tags: 2009, Animals, Auditory Cortex/*metabolism, Auditory Pathways/metabolism, Axonal Transport, Axons/metabolism, Brain research bulletin, Choline O-Acetyltransferase/*metabolism, Department of Anatomy & Neurobiology, Efferent Pathways/metabolism, Female, Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Guinea Pigs, Immunohistochemistry, Male, Motts Susan D, NEOMED College of Medicine, Neurons/*metabolism, Schofield Brett R, Tegmentum Mesencephali/*metabolism
Resveratrol-mediated chemoprevention of diethylnitrosamine-initiated hepatocarcinogenesis: inhibition of cell proliferation and induction of apoptosis.
Tags: 2009, Animal, Animals, Anticarcinogenic Agents/*antagonists & inhibitors/pharmacology, Antitumor, Apoptosis/*drug effects, Bishayee Anupam, Body Weight/drug effects, Cell Proliferation/drug effects, Chemico-biological interactions, Dhir Neetika, Diethylnitrosamine, Disease Models, Dose-Response Relationship, Drinking/drug effects, Drug, Drug Screening Assays, Eating/drug effects, Experimental/chemically induced/pathology/*prevention & control, Female, Immunohistochemistry, Liver Neoplasms, Organ Size/drug effects, Phenobarbital, Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/biosynthesis, Rats, Resveratrol, Sprague-Dawley, Stilbenes/*pharmacology
Effects of a novel dopamine uptake inhibitor upon extracellular dopamine from superfused murine striatal tissue.
Tags: 2009, Animals, Bezuidenhout Lois-May, Biological Transport/drug effects, Buffers, Calcium Channels/metabolism, Dluzen Dean E, Dopamine Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins/metabolism, Dopamine Uptake Inhibitors/*pharmacology, Dopamine/*metabolism, European journal of pharmacology, Extracellular Space/*drug effects/*metabolism, Geldenhuys Werner J, In Vitro Techniques, Male, Methamphetamine/pharmacology, Mice, Neostriatum/*cytology/drug effects, PC12 Cells, Perfusion, Potassium Channel Blockers/pharmacology, Potassium Channels, Potassium Chloride/pharmacology, Rats, Voltage-Gated/antagonists & inhibitors
A disease model descriptive of progression between chronic obstructive pulmonary disease exacerbations and community-acquired pneumonia: roles for underlying lung disease and the pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics of the antibiotic.
Tags: *Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacokinetics/therapeutic use, *Community-Acquired Infections/drug therapy/microbiology/physiopathology/prevention & control, *Models, *Pneumonia, 2009, Adelman Martin H, Aged, Area Under Curve, Bacterial/drug therapy/microbiology/physiopathology/prevention & control, Biological, Bronchitis, Chronic Obstructive/drug therapy/microbiology/*physiopathology, Chronic/drug therapy/microbiology/physiopathology, Department of Internal Medicine, Disease Progression, Female, File Thomas M Jr, Humans, International journal of antimicrobial agents, Klugman Keith P, Lavin Bruce, Lung Diseases/complications/drug therapy/microbiology, Lung/microbiology, Male, Microbial Sensitivity Tests, Middle Aged, Monte Scott V, NEOMED College of Medicine, Paladino Joseph A, Pneumococcal/drug therapy/microbiology/physiopathology/prevention & control, Pneumonia, Pulmonary Disease, Schentag Jerome J, Severity of Illness Index, Singer Mendel E, Streptococcus pneumoniae/*drug effects, Yu Victor L
Tags: *Dermatology, *Waiting Lists, 2009, Appointments and Schedules, Brodell Robert, Department of Internal Medicine, Dermatology – Manpower, Human, Humans, Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, Mostow Eliot, NEOMED College of Medicine, Ohio, Rural Population, Skin Diseases – Diagnosis, Skin Diseases/diagnosis, Uhlenhake Elizabeth, Urban Population, Waiting Lists, Workforce
Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging and coronary computed tomography angiography in the diagnosis of anomalous coronary artery.
Tags: 2009, Adult, Congenital – Diagnosis, Coronary Angiography, Coronary Vessel Anomalies/*diagnosis, Department of Internal Medicine, Female, Heart Defects, Humans, Journal of the American College of Cardiology, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Mikolich J Ronald, NEOMED College of Medicine, Tomography, X-Ray Computed
Factors influencing subspecialty choice among radiology residents: a case study of pediatric radiology.
Tags: *Career Choice, 2009, Arnold Ryan W, Benya Ellen C, Bulas Dorothy I, Career Planning and Development, Decision Making, Goske Marilyn J, Internship and Residency – Manpower, Internship and Residency – Statistics and Numerical Data, Internship and Residency/*statistics & numerical data, Journal of the American College of Radiology : JACR, Medical – Manpower, Medical – Statistics and Numerical Data, Pediatrics – Manpower, Pediatrics – Statistics and Numerical Data, Pediatrics/*statistics & numerical data, Radiology/*statistics & numerical data, Specialties, Sunshine Jonathan H, United States, Workforce, Ying Jun
Tags: 2009, Amidines/metabolism, Animals, Auditory Cortex/*cytology/*physiology, Cholera Toxin/metabolism, Department of Anatomy & Neurobiology, Efferent Pathways/physiology, Fluorescent Dyes/metabolism, Functional Laterality, Guinea Pigs, Inferior Colliculi/*physiology, NADPH Dehydrogenase/metabolism, NEOMED College of Medicine, Neurons/classification/*physiology, Neuroscience, Nitric Oxide Synthase Type I/metabolism, Schofield B R
Tags: 2009, Acetylcholine/*metabolism, Animals, Choline O-Acetyltransferase/metabolism, Department of Anatomy & Neurobiology, Female, Guinea Pigs, Immunohistochemistry, Inferior Colliculi/*anatomy & histology, Male, Motts S D, NEOMED College of Medicine, Neural Pathways/anatomy & histology/metabolism, Neuroscience, Pedunculopontine Tegmental Nucleus/anatomy & histology/metabolism, Photomicrography, Schofield B R, Tegmentum Mesencephali/*anatomy & histology/*metabolism
Regulation of glutamatergic and GABAergic neurotransmission in the chick nucleus laminaris: role of N-type calcium channels.
Tags: 2009, Animals, Auditory Pathways/cytology/drug effects/metabolism, Calcium Channel Blockers/pharmacology, Calcium Channels, Chick Embryo, Chickens, Cochlear Nucleus/cytology/drug effects/*metabolism, Department of Anatomy & Neurobiology, Excitatory Postsynaptic Potentials/drug effects/physiology, Functional Laterality/drug effects/physiology, gamma-Aminobutyric Acid/*metabolism, Glutamic Acid/*metabolism, Lu Y, N-Type/*metabolism, NEOMED College of Medicine, Neural Inhibition/physiology, Neurons/drug effects/metabolism, Neuroscience, omega-Conotoxin GVIA/pharmacology, Organ Culture Techniques, Patch-Clamp Techniques, Rhombencephalon/cytology/*metabolism, Synaptic Transmission/drug effects/*physiology
Tags: *Drug Design, 2009, Adamantane/chemistry/pharmacology, Animals, Central Nervous System Diseases/*drug therapy, Geldenhuys Werner J, Humans, Molecular Structure, Neuroprotective Agents/chemistry/*pharmacology/therapeutic use, Neurotherapeutics : the journal of the American Society for Experimental NeuroTherapeutics, Polycyclic Compounds/*chemistry/pharmacology/therapeutic use, Psychotropic Drugs/chemistry/*pharmacology/therapeutic use, Quantitative Structure-Activity Relationship, Van der Schyf Cornelis J
Cardiac myofibroblast differentiation is attenuated by alpha(3) integrin blockade: potential role in post-MI remodeling.
Tags: 2009, Animals, Bryant Jennifer E, Cell Differentiation/*physiology, Collagen Type VI/*metabolism/physiology, Costic Donald J, Department of Integrative Medical Sciences, Doane Kathleen J, Dockry Michelle, Fibroblasts/*cytology, Immunoblotting, Integrin alpha3/*metabolism, Journal of molecular and cellular cardiology, Koshy John C, Luther Daniel J, Male, Meszaros J Gary, Mohile Monica V, Myocardial Infarction/*metabolism, Myocardium/*cytology, NEOMED College of Medicine, Olson Erik R, Protein Binding, Rats, Shamhart Patricia E
Tags: *Tissue Scaffolds, 2009, Animals, Cell Differentiation/physiology, Cell Proliferation, Cell Shape/physiology, Cells, Chondrocytes/*cytology/*metabolism/transplantation, Chondrogenesis/physiology, Collagen/metabolism, Connective tissue research, Cultured, Doherty Alison, Fibrocartilage/cytology/metabolism/transplantation, Graft Survival/physiology, Heterologous/methods, Histocytochemistry, Humans, Jacquet Robin, Landis William J, Leeson Mark C, Lowder Elizabeth, Male, Menisci, Mice, Middle Aged, Nude, Phenotype, Polyglycolic Acid/pharmacology/therapeutic use, Schoenfeld Andrew J, Tibial/*cytology/*metabolism/transplantation, Tissue Engineering/*methods, Transplantation
Tags: *Bioethical Issues, *Empirical Research, *Ethical Analysis, *Mental Disorders, *Mental health, 2009, Aultman Julie M, Autistic Disorder, Bioethics/*trends, College of Graduate Studies, Concept Formation, Decision Making, Department of Family & Community Medicine, Education, Empirical Research, Ethical, Ethical Theory, Ethics, Ethics Theory, Humans, Medical, NEOMED College of Graduate Studies, NEOMED College of Medicine, Physician-Patient Relations, Psychiatric Patients, Qualitative Research, The American journal of bioethics : AJOB
Tags: 2009, Angiotensin II/physiology, Animals, Antioxidants & redox signaling, Belmadani Souad, Carrao Ana Catarina Ribeiro, Chilian William M, Coronary Vessels/*growth & development/metabolism, Department of Integrative Medical Sciences, Humans, NEOMED College of Medicine, Ohanyan Vahagn, Oxidation-Reduction, Pung Yuh Fen, Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism, Rocic Petra, Yun June
Tags: *Models, 2009, Aggrecans/genetics/metabolism, Animals, Biological, Bone Development/drug effects/*physiology, Calcium Phosphates/pharmacology, Cartilage/cytology/drug effects/*growth & development, Cattle, Chondrocytes/cytology/drug effects/metabolism, Collagen Type II/genetics/metabolism, Durapatite/pharmacology, Electron, Enjo Mitsuhiro, Experimental, Finger Phalanges/cytology/diagnostic imaging/drug effects/*physiology, Gene Expression Profiling, Gene Expression Regulation/drug effects, Humans, Implants, Integrin-Binding Sialoprotein, Isogai Noritaka, Jacquet Robin, Landis William J, Lowder Elizabeth, Mice, Microscopy, Paraffin Embedding, Periosteum/cytology/drug effects, Polyesters/pharmacology, Radiography, Scanning, Sialoglycoproteins/genetics/metabolism, Tissue engineering. Part A, Tissue Engineering/*methods, Tissue Scaffolds/chemistry, Wada Yoshitaka
Tags: *Erotica, *Ethics, *Internship and Residency, 2009, 20th Century, Academic medicine : journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges, Education, Female, Feminism/*history, Graduate/ethics, History, Hull Sharon K, Humans, Male, Medical, Professional, Professional Competence, Sexual Harassment, Textbooks as Topic/*history, Undergraduate/ethics
Tags: *Clinical Clerkship, *Curriculum, 2009, Academic medicine : journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges, Attitude of Health Personnel, Clinical Competence, Department of Family & Community Medicine, Faculty, Focus Groups, Humans, Internship and Residency, Intuition, Learning, Medical, Mentors, NEOMED College of Medicine, Physician-Patient Relations, Physician's Role, Psychiatry/*education, Skillicorn Jodie, Students, Teaching, Time Factors, United States, Wear Delese
Perspective: A perfect storm: the convergence of bullet points, competencies, and screen reading in medical education.
Tags: *Curriculum, *Professional Competence, *Software, *Teaching, 2009, Academic medicine : journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges, Attention, Cognition, Department of Family & Community Medicine, Education, Educational, Humans, Medical/*methods, Models, NEOMED College of Medicine, Physician's Role, Reading, Wear Delese
Tags: *Pregnancy, 2009, Adult, Cecal Diseases – Diagnosis, Cecal Diseases – Surgery, Cecal Diseases/*diagnosis/surgery, Chase Daniel M, Dawood Murtaza Y, Female, Humans, Intestinal Obstruction – Diagnosis, Intestinal Obstruction – Surgery, Intestinal Volvulus/*diagnosis/surgery, Multiple, Obstetrics and gynecology, Perry Earnest, Pregnancy, Pregnancy Complications – Diagnosis, Pregnancy Complications – Surgery, Pregnancy Complications/*diagnosis/surgery, Sparks Dorothy A, Twins
Tags: 2009, Adult, Arroyo Anna Maria, Assisted Circulation, Calcium Channel Blockers/classification/pharmacokinetics/*poisoning, Calcium Channels, Calcium Chloride/therapeutic use, Cardiovascular Agents/therapeutic use, Cardiovascular Diseases/*chemically induced/drug therapy, Charcoal/therapeutic use, Child, Combined Modality Therapy, Drug Overdose/drug therapy/therapy, Enema, Extracorporeal Circulation, Fat Emulsions, Fluid Therapy, Glucagon/therapeutic use, Heart/drug effects, Humans, Hyperglycemia/*chemically induced/drug therapy, Infant, Intravenous/therapeutic use, Kao Louise W, L-Type/physiology, Muscle, Pediatric emergency care, Plasmapheresis, Poisoning/drug therapy/physiopathology/therapy, Practice Guidelines as Topic, Preschool, Smooth, Vascular/drug effects
Tags: 2009, Breast Neoplasms/epidemiology, Breast/*abnormalities/embryology/injuries/surgery, Burns/surgery, Child, Female, Fibroadenoma/epidemiology, Humans, Hyperplasia, Lehman James A Jr, Nipples/abnormalities, Plastic and reconstructive surgery, Poland Syndrome/physiopathology, Pryor Landon S, Reconstructive Surgical Procedures, Tissue Expansion, Workman Meredith C
Tags: 2009, Abdomen/*diagnostic imaging, Adult, Automation, Barr Richard G, Computer-Assisted, Ergonomics, Female, Grajo Joseph R, Human, Humans, Image Enhancement, Image Processing, Imaging, Job Experience, Middle Aged, Occupational Diseases/diagnosis, Pain/diagnosis, Phantoms, Treatment Duration, Ultrasonography, Ultrasonography – Methods, Ultrasonography/*methods, Ultrasound quarterly, Young Adult
Contrast-enhanced ultrasound detection and treatment guidance in a renal transplant patient with renal cell carcinoma.
Tags: *Fluorocarbons, 2009, Aged, Angiography, Barr Richard G, Biopsy, Carcinoma, Catheter Ablation, Catheter Ablation/*methods, Computer-Assisted/methods, Contrast Media, Equipment and Supplies, Humans, Kidney Neoplasms/*diagnostic imaging/*surgery, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Male, Renal Cell – Diagnosis, Renal Cell – Epidemiology, Renal Cell/*diagnostic imaging/*surgery, Sanchez Kimberly, Surgery, Tomography, Treatment Outcome, Ultrasonography, Ultrasonography/*methods, Ultrasound quarterly
Tags: *Artifacts, 2009, Barr Richard G, Berg Wendie, Breast Diseases – Classification, Breast Diseases – Diagnosis, Continuing (Credit), Education, Equipment and Supplies, Female, Funding Source, Graham Ruffin, Grajo Joseph R, Human, Humans, Image Enhancement/*methods, Mammary/*methods, Middle Aged, Observer Variation, Quality of Health Care, Reproducibility of Results, Rim Alice, Sensitivity and Specificity, Ultrasonography, Ultrasonography – Methods, Ultrasound quarterly
Tags: *Attitude of Health Personnel, *Social Identification, *Wit and Humor as Topic, 2009, Aultman Julie M, College of Graduate Studies, Culture, Department of Family & Community Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Education, Ethics, Hospital/*psychology, Humans, HUMOR in the workplace, Medical education, MEDICAL personnel & patient, Medical Staff, Medical/methods, Medical/psychology, NEOMED College of Graduate Studies, NEOMED College of Medicine, Physician-Patient Relations, PROFESSIONALISM, Social Perception, Students, Varley Joseph D, Wear Delese, WIT & humor, WIT & humor in medicine, Zarconi Joseph
Obstetrics and gynaecology chief resident attitudes toward teaching junior residents under normal working conditions.
Tags: *Attitude of Health Personnel, *Internship and Residency, 2009, Bazan Sara, Clinical Competence, Education, Gil Karen M, Graduate/*methods, Gynecology/*education, Hospital/education/psychology/standards, Humans, Kirven Melissa, Medical, Medical education, Medical Staff, Mentors/psychology, Obstetrics/*education, Ohio, Patterson Laurene R, Savitski Jennifer L, Teaching/methods
Tags: 2009, AULTMAN, Aultman Julie M, College of Graduate Studies, Curriculum, Department of Family & Community Medicine, Education, Ethics, Genetics, Genetics – Education, Genetics/education/*ethics, Humans, Julie M., Medical, Medical – Education, Medical education, Medical/*education, Medical/psychology, Molecular Biology/education, NEOMED College of Graduate Studies, NEOMED College of Medicine, Ohio, Pharmacy/*methods/standards, Pharmacy/psychology, Students, Teaching Methods – Evaluation, Undergraduate/*methods/standards
Tags: 2009, Astrocytes/chemistry/ultrastructure, Brain Chemistry, Brain Diseases/metabolism/*pathology, Brain/pathology/ultrastructure, Confocal, Electron, Female, Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Humans, Immunohistochemistry, Iron/*analysis, Kellermier Harry, Macrophages/chemistry, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Microscopy, Middle Aged, Mitochondria/chemistry/ultrastructure, Neurons/chemistry, Neuropathology : official journal of the Japanese Society of Neuropathology, Oligodendroglia/chemistry/ultrastructure, Siderosis/*metabolism/*pathology, Spinal Cord Diseases/*pathology/physiopathology, Spinal Cord/chemistry/pathology/ultrastructure, Transmission, Wang Guoji, Wiley Clayton