Browse Items (423 total)

Increased pro‐inflammatory cytokine levels and proliferation of activated microglia have been found in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients and animal models of PD, suggesting that targeting of the microglial inflammatory response may result in…

The literature is lacking in theoretically grounded techniques to design interprofessional educational experiences that prepare students to function effectively in interprofessional teams dedicated to the management of complex geriatric patients. We…

Evans Syndrome (ES) is a rare autoimmune disorder that presents with simultaneous or sequential development of autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA), thrombocytopenia, and/or neutropenia. This disease may occur in conjunction with other autoimmune…

Objective Vaginal cuff dehiscence with evisceration (VCDE) is a serious, life-threatening complication of hysterectomy. Due to the high volume of hysterectomies performed in the U.S each year, it is likely that a practitioner will encounter VCDE…

Melanoma is the most lethal form of skin cancer. Melanoma is usually curable with surgery if detected early, however, treatment options for patients with metastatic melanoma are limited and the five-year survival rate for metastatic melanoma had been…

Age-related hearing loss, one of the most frequently diagnosed disabilities in industrialized countries, may result from declining levels of GABA in the aging inferior colliculus (IC). However, the mechanisms of aging and subsequent disruptions of…

Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of worldwide mortality. Intravital microscopy has provided unprecedented insight into leukocyte biology by enabling the visualization of dynamic responses within living organ systems at the cell-scale. The…

Sternoclavicular joint septic arthritis results from hematogenous spread of a bacterial infection, usually in the immunocompromised. It commonly presents as a chest wall abscess. Cervical abscess resulting from sternoclavicular joint septic arthritis…

Adult day service centers (ADSCs) provide community-based long-term care, including meals, to racially diverse older adults, 47% of whom have dementia and consequently experience elevated nutritional risk. We examine nutritional behaviors for Chinese…

Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) is one of the most frequent and severe glomerular kidney disease with frequent progression to end-stage renal disease and a high rate of recurrence in renal transplantations. Due to intolerance or resistance…

Background: Endothelins (ET) are a family of peptides that act as potent vasoconstrictors and pro-fibrotic growth factors. ET-1 is integral to renal and cardiovascular pathophysiology and exerts effects via autocrine, paracrine and endocrine…

Bile acid synthesis is the most significant pathway for catabolism of cholesterol and for maintenance of whole body cholesterol homeostasis. Bile acids are physiological detergents that absorb, distribute, metabolize, and excrete nutrients, drugs,…

Radiopaque densities can be observed on imaging after the ingestion of either foreign bodies or some medications. Our case report discusses an 11-year-old boy with autism spectrum disorder and attention deficient disorder who presented to the…

PURPOSE: Despite known benefits of cardiac rehabilitation (CR), early termination (failure to complete >1 mo of CR) attenuates these benefits. We analyzed whether early termination varied by referral indication in the context of recent growth in…

PURPOSE: Networking is essential to leadership effectiveness in the business context. Yet little is known about leadership networking within the academic health science context. If we are going to train academic leaders, we must first understand the…

Coronary microvascular dysfunction (CMD) is commonly present in patients with metabolic derangements and is increasingly recognized as an important contributor to myocardial ischemia, both in the presence and absence of epicardial coronary…

Background: Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is an increasingly utilized treatment modality for renal replacement therapy that affords medical and lifestyle benefits to the patient and financial savings to the health care system. Successful long-term use of…

Methionine metabolism is dysregulated in multiple sclerosis (MS). The methyl donor betaine is depleted in the MS brain where it is linked to changes in levels of histone H3 trimethylated on lysine 4 (H3K4me3) and mitochondrial impairment. We…

OBJECTIVE: To assess the current practice of routine preoperative testing before urethroplasty and to determine if the results are clinically significant. METHODS: Data was obtained from the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP)…

The teres minor is one of four rotator cuff muscles that is involved in many shoulder pathologies. The integrity of the teres minor can be indicative of treatment success for disorders including rotator cuff tears, impingement syndrome, and…

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Cardiac hypertrophy is a key pathologic process in heart failure. Songling Xuemaikang Capsule (SXC), is a formulae of Chinese Medicine commonly used in China to treat hypertension and heart failure. However, its…

The development of knockin mice with Cre recombinase expressed under the control of the promoter for choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) has allowed experimental manipulation of cholinergic circuits. However, currently available ChAT(Cre) mouse lines…

The superior laryngeal nerve provides detailed sensory information from the mucosal surfaces of laryngeal structures superior to the vocal folds, including the valleculae. Injury to this nerve results in airway penetration and aspiration.…

Aerodigestive coordination is critical for safe feeding in mammals, and failure to do so can result in aspiration. Using an infant pig model, we analyzed the impact of recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) lesion on aerodigestive coordination and swallow…

Cardiac fibrosis caused by adverse cardiac remodeling following myocardial infarction can eventually lead to heart failure. Although the role of soluble factors such as TGF-beta is well studied in cardiac fibrosis following myocardial injury, the…

BACKGROUND: The increase in female surgeons has resulted in scrutiny of widely variable parental leave policies. We hypothesized that academic and private practice surgeons have different experiences based on difference in workplace expectations.…

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