Browse Items (1071 total)

The drug discrimination paradigm was used to evaluate the contribution of dopamine or serotonin receptors in the mediation of the stimulus properties of ethanol. Briefly, rats were trained to discriminate between ethanol (600 mg/kg, IP) and water…

A novel myeloma paraprotein has been isolated from a horse with a lymphoid tumor. The protein was a euglobulin and consequently was readily isolated from serum in pure form and high yield by simple dilution in distilled water. The purified intact…

Recent evidence indicates that when 1-(3-trifluoromethylphenyl)piperazine (TFMPP) is used as a training drug in the drug discrimination paradigm it produces a stimulus effect that is site-selective at the 5-HT1B receptor. The present study sought to…

The purpose of this work is to present a perspective of the conditioned place preference (CPP) test by offering an overview of the empirical research from

The discriminative stimulus properties produced by ethanol were employed to demonstrate differences in discriminative performance over time in rats trained at different postinjection times. Thus, one group of rats was trained to discriminate between…

To further clarify the role of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5HT) in the behavioral effects of tetrahydro-beta-carboline, male rats were trained to discriminate either 20 mg/kg THBC from its vehicle (n = 10) or 2.0 mg/kg fenfluramine from saline (n = 5). THBC…

Ten male rats were trained to discriminate the anorectic drug d,l-fenfluramine (2.0 mg/kg intraperitoneally administered) from its vehicle using a food-reinforced (fixed-ratio 10 schedule) two-lever operant task. Once learned, the fenfluramine…

Three separate groups of rats were trained to discriminate the stimulus effects of either 600 mg/kg ethanol (n = 5), 0.8 mg/kg d-amphetamine (n = 8) or 1.0 mg/kg

A series of three experiments were conducted to investigate the possible serotonergic and dopaminergic mediation of the discriminative stimulus properties of the "designer" drug MDMA. In Experiment 1, rats trained to discriminate 1.5 mg/kg (+/-)-MDMA…

The drug discrimination paradigm was used to evaluate in rats the ability of the discriminate response to either 0.8 mg/kg d-amphetamine or 0.8 mg/kg l-cathinone to generalize to 2.4-6.0 mg/kg of the active cathinone metabolite d-norpseudoephedrine,…

The drug discrimination paradigm was employed to evaluate the effect of coadministration of both caffeine and nikethamide upon the discrimination of a low dose of cathinone. In rats trained to discriminate between 0.8 mg/kg l-cathinone and its…

Rats were trained to discriminate between the stimulus properties of intraperitoneally administered d-amphetamine (0.8 mg/kg) and its vehicle in a two-lever, food-motivated operant task. Once trained, doses of the norepinephrine reuptake inhibiting…

Rats (n = 10) were trained to discriminate between ethanol (600 mg/kg, IP) and its vehicle, or between THBC (20 mg/kg) and its vehicle in a two-lever food-motivated operant task. Once the discriminative training criterion was attained, rats in each…

Male Sprague-Dawley rats were trained to discriminate the anorectic drug d,l-fenfluramine (2.0 mg/kg intraperitoneally administered) from its vehicle using a food-motivated (fixed-ratio 10 schedule) two-lever operant task. Once trained, doses of 0.5,…

The purpose of this study was to examine whether first training rats to discriminate the stimulus cues produced by an indirect dopamine agonist, cathinone, would influence a subsequent test of preference. The conditioned place preference (CPP)…

1. Para-chlorophenylalanine (p-CPA), a competitive inhibitor of the serotonin (5-HT) synthesis enzyme tryptophan hydroxylase, was administered to rats at a dosage (100 mg/kg daily for 3 days) that depletes 5-HT. 2. Different groups of these rats were…

1. Eight male rats were trained to discriminate the interoceptive cues produced by 0.8 mg/kg l-cathinone in a two-lever, food-motivated operant task and they were, subsequently, tested for preference to cathinone in a conditioned place preference…

Experiments were conducted to investigate the functional consequences of a neurotoxic regimen of MDMA administration upon two behaviors, conditioned place preference and drug discrimination. Rats were trained to discriminate 1.5 mg/kg MDMA from its…

Cathine is a psychoactive constituent in the leaves of the Khat shrub which are habitually ingested for their stimulatory effects in many parts of the world. Rats were trained to discriminate the stimulus effect of intraperitoneally administered 4.8…

Rats were trained to discriminate phenylephrine in a two-lever, food-motivated operant task by increasing the i.p. administered training dose from 0.8 to 2 mg/kg. Stable discrimination to 2 mg/kg phenylephrine was established and testing of 0.5-2.5…

Eight male rats were trained to discriminate between the internal states produced by food deprivation of 3 hours (satiation) and that produced by food deprivation of 27 hours duration (deprivation). One lever, in a two-lever operant chamber, had to…

Previous results indicate that agents which either decreases synthesis or block postsynaptic dopamine receptors will attenuate the discriminative stimulus produced by d-amphetamine. CGS 10746B has been reported to decrease dopamine release without…

In an effort to reduce the often extensive period of time needed to train rats to discriminate between a drugged and nondrugged state, a fast training regimen was employed with 1.5 mg/kg 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) used as the training…

OBJECTIVE: Spondyloarthropathy has clearly been documented as not limited in occurrence to humans. Transmammalian in nature, it is of interest to understand the antiquity, and perhaps the origins, of this disorder in animal groups sufficiently…

Documentation of the treponemal etiology of reactive bone formation in a pleistocene bear supports unprecedented antiquity of treponemal bone infections. The spectrum and implications of osseous treponemal disease in the New and Old World are…

Changes in membrane structure resulting from herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) penetration were detected using fluorescence photobleaching recovery methods. The effect could be blocked by inhibitors of viral and cellular processes involved in virus…

Substance P (SP) is abundant in the carotid sinus nerve (CSN) and has been implicated in baro- and chemoreceptor reflexes. We examined the effect of SP on blood pressure, heart rate, phrenic nerve activity, hindlimb perfusion pressure, and cardiac…

Most of the heat-stable natural cytotoxins in normal human plasma were fractionated by gel filtration into two active fractions: the alpha

This study was undertaken to determine if coronary vascular permeability (CVP) increases and if myocardial edema develops in the canine heart after local exposure to histamine. Histamine (50 or 15 micrograms/min) or compound 48/80 (0.1-0.2 mg/kg) was…

Amantadine and related compounds stabilized the structure of purified pig brain clathrin coated vesicles (CCV) at biologically relevant concentrations. Incubation of purified CCV for 30 min at 25 degrees C or 37 degrees C caused the release of…

The in vitro rodent visual cortical slice preparation demonstrates a critical period for long-term potentiation (LTP). Current source density (CSD) analysis reveals peak potentiation of both supra-(layers II-III) and infragranular (layers V) layers…

The effects of (-)cathinone, the primary psychoactive alkaloid of the Khat plant, were compared to those of (+)amphetamine in the anterior caudate-putamen and the nucleus accumbens. In vivo microdialysis was used to measure extracellular levels of…

The effects of the psychostimulant (+)cathine (norpseudoephedrine) were examined in a two-choice, food-motivated, drug-discrimination paradigm. Rats were able to discriminate cathine from vehicle and this effect was dose- and time-dependent. Prior…
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