Browse Items (1071 total)

This report is a cytometric study of the female Syrian hamster gallbladder epithelium following 1-, 2-, and 3-month administration of female sex steroids. Nulliparous, multiparous, young, old and pregnant hamsters were used in this study. A 1 month…

Using the indirect antibody peroxidase-antiperoxidase method of Sternberger, we localized substance P (SP), somatostatin (SOM), enkephalin (ENK), and serotonin (5HT, 5-hydroxytryptamine) in the spinal cord of Rana pipiens. This is the first study to…

The secretion of growth hormone (GH) is impaired in the genetically obese Zucker rat where GH gene expression and plasma GH levels are depressed; however, the underlying mechanism of this abnormality remains unclear. We have evaluated the potential…

Levels of pituitary growth hormone (GH) messenger RNA (mRNA) were compared in groups of genetically obese (fa/fa) and lean (Fa/-) littermate male Zucker rats at four different ages, 3, 5, 9, and 11 weeks, in order to determine the earliest age at…

The secretion of growth hormone (GH) is abnormal in genetically obese Zucker rats. Measurements of pulsatile GH release and circulating GH levels in lean (Fa/?) and obese (fa/fa) rats have shown that both are reduced in the latter. We have studied…

In order to investigate whether the impaired GH secretion associated with obesity is due to a pituitary disorder we studied GH mRNA levels by in situ hybridization in genetically obese and lean Zucker rats. The levels of GH mRNA were at least two…

Nuclear receptors farnesoid X receptor (FXR) and small heterodimer partner (SHP) are important regulators of bile acid, lipid, and glucose homeostasis. Here, we show that global Fxr (-/-) Shp(-/-) double knockout (DKO) mice are refractory to weight…

RATIONALE: Transient receptor potential channels of the ankyrin subtype-1 (TRPA1) are non-selective cation channels that show high permeability to calcium. Previous studies from our laboratory have demonstrated that TRPA1 ion channels are expressed…

Transient receptor potential channels of the ankyrin subtype-1 (TRPA1) and vanilloid subtype-1 (TRPV1) are structurally related, non-selective cation channels that show a high permeability to calcium. Previous studies indicate that TRP channels play…

Jaw-joint height (JJH) above the occlusal plane is thought to be influenced by cranial base angle (CBA) and facial angulation during growth. To better understand how JJH relates to midline craniofacial form, we test the hypothesis that relative…

The aim of this study was to examine: (1) whether long-term potentiation (LTP) can be induced in slices from adult rat visual cortex under conditions where inhibition is not antagonized, and (2) the role of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors in…

Vespertilionid bats (Mammalia: Order Chiroptera) live 3-10 times longer than other mammals of an equivalent body size. At present, nothing is known of how bat fecal metabolic profiles shift with age in any taxa. This study established the feasibility…

Adaptations to divert the attacks of visually guided predators have evolved repeatedly in animals. Using high-speed infrared videography, we show that luna moths (Actias luna) generate an acoustic diversion with spinning hindwing tails to deflect…

BACKGROUND: Fractalkine (CX3CL1) and its receptor (CX3CR1) play an important role in regulating microglial function. We have previously shown that Cx3cr1 deficiency exacerbated tau pathology and led to cognitive impairment. However, it is still…

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