Browse Items (50 total)

Purpose: To test the hypothesis that eye muscle surgery in treatment of patients with acquired downbeat nystagmus results in improvement measures of visual and ocular motor function. Methods: This is a prospective, interventional case series analysis…

PURPOSE: Self-fixating mesh has been introduced to further improve the quality results already seen with laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair. An observational study was undertaken to evaluate the technical learning curve and mid-term outcomes…

BACKGROUND: Despite an aging population and increasing number of geriatric trauma patients annually, gaps in our understanding of best practices for geriatric trauma patients persist. We know that trauma center care improves outcomes for injured…

BACKGROUND: Computed tomography (CT) diagnostic accuracy for blunt bowel and mesenteric injuries (BBMI) is controversial. DATA SOURCES: A literature review to compute aggregate CT performance and individual CT sign sensitivity, specificity, and…

INTRODUCTION: A new pneumatic dermatome with a circular excision blade was designed to improve a number of disadvantages of regular dermatomes. OBJECTIVE: This study analyzes the safety and efficacy of a new dermatome (test device) for the tangential…

PURPOSE: Self-fixating mesh has been introduced to further improve the quality results already seen with laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair. An observational study was undertaken to evaluate the technical learning curve and mid-term outcomes…

BACKGROUND: As women become a larger part of the surgical workforce, policies surrounding maternity and parental leave play a role in professional practice. Little is known about leave policies worldwide. METHODS: A de novo survey distributed…

Well-established in the field of bioelectronic medicine, Spinal Cord Stimulation (SCS) offers an implantable, non-pharmacologic treatment for patients with intractable chronic pain conditions. Chronic pain is a widely heterogenous syndrome with…

B Learning Objectives: b There is scant data comparing Prothrombin Complex Concentrate (PCC) to Vitamin K/Fresh Frozen Plasma (FFP) in trauma patients. Patients that received PCC (PCC group) were compared to those who received Vitamin K/FFP (FFP…

INTRODUCTION: Duodenal diverticula are quite prevalent in general population, seen on up to 5% of radiology studies and up to 22% of autopsy examinations. PRESENTATION OF THE CASE: 70 years old female was admitted to the hospital with epigastric…

BACKGROUND: Capsular contracture is a common complication of breast augmentation surgery and many techniques to prevent and to treat capsular contracture have been suggested with inconsistent or variably effective results. OBJECTIVES: The authors…

Background: Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is an increasingly utilized treatment modality for renal replacement therapy that affords medical and lifestyle benefits to the patient and financial savings to the health care system. Successful long-term use of…

BACKGROUND: The increase in female surgeons has resulted in scrutiny of widely variable parental leave policies. We hypothesized that academic and private practice surgeons have different experiences based on difference in workplace expectations.…

INTRODUCTION: Mantle Cell Lymphoma (MCL) is a non-Hodgkin lymphoma accounting for 2.5% of lymphoid neoplasms in the United States. Primary gastrointestinal (GI) lymphomas account for 1-4% of all GI malignancies, with few reports of primary mantle…

Traumatic injuries can range from minor wounds to major, complex injuries causing shock and multi-system organ dysfunction. Trauma is the leading cause of death of patients between the ages of 15 and 24. It accounts for approximately 30% of all ICU…

Chronic pain causes significant suffering, limitation of daily activities and reduced quality of life. Infection from COVID-19 is responsible for an ongoing pandemic that causes severe acute respiratory syndrome, leading to systemic complications and…

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has had a significant impact on global healthcare services. In an attempt to limit the spread of infection and to preserve healthcare resources, one commonly used strategy has been to postpone elective surgery,…

BACKGROUND: The impact of freestanding emergency departments (FSEDs) on timeliness of care for trauma patients is not well understood. This quality improvement project had 2 objectives: (1) to determine whether significant delays in definitive care…

Purpose: Recently, the American College of Graduate Medical Education included medical decision-making as a core competency in several specialties. To date, the ability to demonstrate and measure a pedagogical evolution of medical judgment in a…

Metastatic salivary gland tumors are rare clinical entities of the head and neck. Parotid gland carcinoma with distant metastases heralds a poor prognosis with a median survival of 4.3-7.3 months. The lungs, long bones, liver and brain are the …

Fournier's gangrene is a life-threatening type of necrotizing fasciitis associated with a high rate of morbidity and mortality. The patient is a 29-year-old incarcerated male who presented to the ED with left-sided scrotal crepitus extending into the…

Background: Inguinal lymph node dissection (ILND) is an essential step in both treatment and staging of several malignancies including penile and vulvar cancers. Various open, video endoscopic, and robotic-assisted techniques have been utilized so…

Purpose: To determine the ocular and systemic safety of using topical Lambda-Cyhalothrin (LCL) in a canine model of infantile nystagmus syndrome (INS). The rationale for this proposal is based on a case study of a patient whose INS improved after…

Background: Patients with physical injuries or chronic conditions may be impacted by mental health conditions, which significantly affect their participation and progress in treatment. The Patient Health Questionnaire-2 (PHQ-2) depression screening…

Medicine has a six-fold role to play in war; (1) Selection of suitable military personnel, (2) To protect against disease, (3) To give medical attention and treatment to those who are ill and injured, (4) To assist in the rehabilitation of the…

Propionic acidemia (PA) is caused by inherited deficiency of mitochondrial propionyl-CoA carboxylase (PCC) and results in significant neurodevelopmental and cardiac morbidity. However, relationships among therapeutic intervention, biochemical…

Purpose Over the past decade, an increasing number of bariatric surgeons are trained in fellowships annually despite only a modest increase in nationwide bariatric surgery volume. The study surveys the bariatric surgery job market trend in order to…

INTRODUCTION: Diverting ostomies are traditionally used as a bridge to primary resection in patients with an obstructing mass, or severe inflammatory bowel disease [1] some cases, severe infections or non-healing wounds can be better managed after…

INTRODUCTION: Hip fractures are a significant economic burden to our healthcare system. As there have been efforts made to create an alternative payment model for hip fracture care, it will be imperative to risk-stratify reimbursement for these …

Purpose: To characterize the effects of eye muscle surgery on patients older than 18 years with infantile nystagmus syndrome (INS) who have had only optical treatment. Methods: This was a prospective, single-center, interventional case series…
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