Browse Items (56 total)

The purpose of this exploratory study is to: (1) assess prevalence of childhood adversities and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD); (2) assess their association, and; (3) explore whether proximal sources of stress affect this relationship and/or…

JPCPY-06-00369.pdf
Delirium is a common and serious problem among acutely unwell persons. Although linked to higher rates of mortality, institutionalization and dementia, it remains under diagnosed. Careful consideration of its phenomenology is warranted to improve…

The Rapid Risk of Violence Screen (RROVS) is a brief screening tool that is designed for use in community-based behavioral health service settings to identify people who may need comprehensive violence risk assessment. This study examined the…

Sequential intercept mapping, a community-based application of the sequential intercept model, was recently adapted in Ohio to address the complex challenge of the opioid crisis. Sequential intercept mapping for opioids provides a framework for…

OBJECTIVE: Mental health courts and assisted outpatient treatment (AOT) are tools to help people with serious mental illness engage in treatment and avoid or reduce institutionalization. As both programs become increasingly prevalent, questions…

The overrepresentation of people with serious mental illness in the criminal justice system is a complex problem. A long-standing explanation for this phenomenon, the criminalization hypothesis, posits that policy changes that shifted the care of…

Objective. To examine and compare the prevalence of mental health problems, help-seeking attitudes, and perceptions about mental health problems among US pharmacy and medical students. Methods. A cross-sectional analysis was conducted using existing,…

BACKGROUND: 50% of patients with Chiari Malformation (CM) report a history of depression; however, rates of other psychological symptoms are unknown. Further, it is unclear whether surgical correction impacts pain, disability, and psychological…

Objective: To review the currently available data on the use of ketamine in the treatment of depression among older adults from randomized controlled studies.; Design: Randomized controlled trials.; Setting: Variable.; Participants: 60 years and…

Background: Emotional abuse is associated with an increased risk for substance use disorders (SUDs) as well as with negative urgency and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) following a subsequent trauma. Both negative urgency and PTSD are key…

Cognitive behavioral therapy for schizophrenia spectrum disorders is an evidence-based treatment that is recommended by United States schizophrenia treatment guidelines. Based on recent estimates, only 0.3% of individuals with a primary psychotic…

Cognitive behavioral therapy for schizophrenia spectrum disorders is an evidence-based treatment that is recommended by United States schizophrenia treatment guidelines. Based on recent estimates, only 0.3% of individuals with a primary psychotic…

OBJECTIVE: This study describes the characteristics that are associated with depression in residents and also examines resident perception of available mental health support. METHODS: Residents and their program directors from each of 10 specialties…

OBJECTIVE: This study determines the extent to which residents and their program directors have discordant perceptions regarding wellness, support, and treatment opportunities for trainees. In addition, the authors examined whether psychiatry…

PURPOSE: Networking is essential to leadership effectiveness in the business context. Yet little is known about leadership networking within the academic health science context. If we are going to train academic leaders, we must first understand the…

In this study, we examine the relationships among reflected appraisals, self-views, and well-being for individuals diagnosed with severe and persistent mental illness. We also test a perceptual control model of identity to determine whether…

We use a perceptual control model of identity to examine the relationship between stigmatized appraisals (from self and other) and well-being among individuals with serious mental illness. We also examine the role of stigma resistance strategies in …

In creating medical marijuana laws, state governments signal to the public that marijuana can safely and effectively treat a wide range of diseases. In many cases, these state approvals overestimate the benefits of marijuana and understate the risks.…

In creating medical marijuana laws, state governments signal to the public that marijuana can safely and effectively treat a wide range of diseases. In many cases, these state approvals overestimate the benefits of marijuana and understate the risks.…

In the wake of COVID-19, mental health providers and treatment programs are adapting rapidly to the challenges in engaging people and delivering treatment with limited guidance. This paper will explore the challenges associated with delivering…

Considering treatment of serious mental illnesses, it might appear that the recovery model would be incompatible with any form of mandatory treatment. The authors suggest that this is not so. With individuals whose psychotic illness substantially…

The Sequential Intercept Model provides a conceptual framework for communities to use when considering the interface between the criminal justice and mental health systems as they address concerns about criminalization of people with mental illness.…

OBJECTIVE: This study examined hospitalizations for individuals receiving assisted outpatient treatment (AOT), some of whom also received assertive community treatment (ACT). We examined whether participation in AOT, as well as in AOT paired with ACT…

Introduction: Dextromethorphan (DXM), an N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonist, may have ketamine-like antidepressant effects. Dextromethorphan is extensively metabolized via cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2D6, and its half-life in extensive metabolizers…

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