Browse Items (43 total)

A major finding in the visual plasticity literature is that visual deprivation is effective only during an early 'sensitive' period, which is lengthened by dark rearing. Unresolved is whether the visual cortex is in a normally plastic state prior to…

Despite high rates of comorbidity, research has typically focused on the independent impact of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression symptoms in people living with HIV (PLWH). The present study examined the independent and comorbid…

This paper describes the development of a scalable intervention to reduce risk for depression and posttraumatic stress among medical examiner employees. Medical examiners identify the deceased, determine the cause and manner of death, and communicate…

The relationship of weight and self-esteem to depressive symptomatology was examined among 36 African American and 96 European American pregnant inner-city women. Lower self-esteem and higher deviations from medically ideal weight predicted increased…

BACKGROUND: Older persons frequently experience a decline in function following an acute medical illness and hospitalization. OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that a multicomponent intervention, called Acute Care for Elders (ACE), will improve…

My family and friends (and even my doctor!) think I’m a strong person, but I don’t see it that way. I just do what I need to do to get through each day. Taking care of my family, friends, and sometimes even complete strangers is actually what keeps…

In hippocampal area CA1, long-term potentiation (LTP) is induced by tetanic stimulation protocols that activate N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors. In addition, some stimulation protocols can induce LTP during NMDA receptor blockade. An initial…

Histamine H2 antagonists, which reduce gastric acid secretion, are often used in the intensive care setting for the prophylaxis of stress ulcers. This double-blind, placebo-controlled study evaluated hemodynamic parameters in 11 stable, critically…

We conducted a latent class analysis (LCA) on 249 recent motor vehicle accident (MVA) victims to examine subgroups that differed in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom severity, current major depressive disorder and alcohol/other drug use…

Purpose: Almost 17% of the US population exhibits a major depressive disorder in their lifetimes. Prevalence data show that whites experience depression earlier than African Americans, and women have a higher prevalence than men. Less is known…

This is a story of three patients seen by a newly licensed physician shortly after completing residency training. The physician was born, raised, and educated in the northeastern United States before moving to Texas where he was unprepared to handle…

Objective: To investigate the potential utility of: asking parents about health care utilization as a means of identifying individuals at risk for psychosocial problems. Method: Parents of 366 children ages 2 to 16 completed questionnaires about…

1. Gamma-aminobutyric acid(A) (GABA(A)) receptor-mediated inhibition of pyramidal neuron dendrites was studied in area CA1 of the rat hippocampal slice preparation with the use of intracellular and extracellular recording and one-dimensional current…

OBJECTIVE: This study describes the characteristics that are associated with depression in residents and also examines resident perception of available mental health support. METHODS: Residents and their program directors from each of 10 specialties…

OBJECTIVE: This study determines the extent to which residents and their program directors have discordant perceptions regarding wellness, support, and treatment opportunities for trainees. In addition, the authors examined whether psychiatry…

Introduction: Dextromethorphan (DXM), an N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonist, may have ketamine-like antidepressant effects. Dextromethorphan is extensively metabolized via cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2D6, and its half-life in extensive metabolizers…

This study examines the recognition and treatment of emotional distress in physically healthy primary cave patients who perceive themselves to be in fair or poor physical health. Patients (N = 892) from three private primary cave practices completed…

The Symptom Driven Diagnostic System for Primary Care (SDDS-PCTM) is a new computerized clinical procedure to assist primary care physicians in diagnosing mental disorders during the course of routine practice, It has three components: (1) a 5-minute…

People living with HIV (PLWH) report elevated levels of posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms (PTSS) and associated comorbidities. The present study tested the efficacy of prolonged exposure (PE) at reducing PTSS, depression, negative posttraumatic…

Background: Continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) technologies report measurements of interstitial glucose concentration every 5 min. CGM technologies have the potential to be utilized for prediction of prospective glucose concentrations with…

It has been proposed that increased brain cytokines during repeated stressor exposure can contribute to neuropathological changes that lead to the onset of depression. Previous studies demonstrate that norepinephrine acting via beta-adrenergic…

The authors examined the prospective influence of stress, self-esteem, and social support on the postpartum depressive symptoms of 191 inner-city women (139 European Americans and 52 African Americans) over 3 waves of data collection. Depressive…

In the present study, [H-3]nisoxetine binding to norepinephrine (NE) uptake sites and [H-3]norepinephrine uptake were investigated within olfactory bulb (OB) and frontal cortex homogenates from intact and castrated male rats. Statistically…

Youths who are lesbian, gay, or bisexual (LGB) are more likely than heterosexuals to commit suicide. Substance use, PTSD, and depression are independent risk factors for suicidality; however, the extent to which these factors interact to predict…

Forming, pursing, and achieving life tasks constitute important determinants of subjective well-being (SWB). A principal life task for emerging adults involves deciding about career goals. Prior research indicates that depression predicts SWB and may…

The authors prospectively investigated stress in 71, mostly European American pregnant women. Conservation of Resources (COR) theory was applied to assess the impact of resource losses and gains that occur in women's lives. Resources were defined as…

Background: Despite the availability of effective screening measures, physicians fail to identify and manage many children with psychosocial problems. Physicians are most likely to identify children with psychosocial problems when parents voice…
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