Browse Items (12 total)

Two factors, the ETS transcription factor ER81 and skeletal muscle-derived neurotrophin-3 (NT3), are essential for the formation of muscle spindles and the function of spindle afferent-motoneuron synapses in the spinal cord. Spindles either…

The response of developing muscle spindles to denervation was studied by sectioning the nerve to the medial gastrocnemius muscle of rats at birth. The denervated spindles were examined daily throughout the first postnatal week for changes in…

Myosin heavy chain (MHC) expression by intrafusal fibers was studied by immunocytochemistry to determine how closely it parallels MHC expression by extrafusal fibers in the soleus and tibialis anterior muscles of the rat. Among the MHC isoforms…

Crushing the nerve to the medial gastrocnemius muscle in newborn rats and administering nerve growth factor afterwards results in a reinnervated muscle containing supernumerary muscle spindles. The structure and innervation of 88 spindles in the…

Whether nerve activity and active contraction of myotubes are essential for the assembly and initial differentiation of muscle spindles was investigated by paralyzing fetal rats with tetrodotoxin (TTX) from embryonic day 16 (E16) to E21, prior to and…

A rat muscle spindle typically contains four intrafusal fibers - one nuclear bag(2), one nuclear bag, and two nuclear chain fibers. We compared the sequence of formation of the three intrafusal fiber types among the tibialis anterior (TA), soleus…

The pattern of regional expression of a slowtonic myosin heavy chain (MHC) isoform was studied in developing rat soleus intrafusal muscle fibers. Binding of the slow-tonic antibody (ATO) began at the equator of prenatal intrafusal fibers where…

ER81, a member of the ETS family of transcription factors, is essential for the formation of connections between sensory and motor neurons in the spinal cord. Mice lacking Er81 genes exhibit reduced monosynaptic sensory-motoneuron connectivity in…

Spinal accessory nerve injury results in a debilitating shoulder dysfunction. The trapezius is a major suspensory muscle of the shoulder girdle, and paralysis results in chronic pain and debility from disruption of synchronous scapulohumeral rhythm.…

The incidence of coated vesicles under sarcolemmal surfaces of equatorial, juxtaequatorial and polar regions in developing and adult spindles of the rat soleus muscle was examined by quantitative morphometry of transverse ultrathin sections. Coated…

Previous work has demonstrated a complex neurochemical and neuroanatomical heterogeneity of the striatum in normal brains. The present research investigated whether the heterogeneous distribution of dopamine would be altered following unilateral…
Output Formats

atom, dcmes-xml, json, omeka-xml, rss2