Browse Items (13 total)

Background and Objective: Enalapril is a prodrug and needs to be activated by carboxylesterase 1 (CES1). A previous in vitro study demonstrated the CES1 genetic variant, G143E (rs71647871), significantly impaired enalapril activation. Two previous…

Invasive candidiasis accounts for approximately 10% of nosocomial infections in preterm infants, with an incidence of 1% to 4% among neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) admissions and a mortality as high as 20% to 30%. These outcomes warrant improved…

Folate is widely used as a target ligand for tumor cells, and poly (L-aspartic acid)-b-poly-(L-phenylalanine) (PAA-PPA) is a biodegradable material with low immunogenicity and toxicity. In this study, to enhance the targeting effect,…

Clinical situations that require the use of systemic antibiotic therapy are common. Because millions of women choose oral contraceptives for birth control, the potential for interaction between these drugs frequently has to be considered. We review…

A recombinant baculovirus containing the human CYP3A4 cDNA was constructed and used to express CYP3A4 in SF9 insect cells (0.46 +/- 0.13 nmol/mg protein, 103 +/- 29 nmol/liter, N = 15). The enzyme represented similar to 2-3% of total cellular protein…

The complex interaction between plasma and tissue concentrations of drug has significant implications for therapies that use beta-lactam antibiotics. This comparative, triple-crossover, open-label study enrolled 12 healthy adult male volunteers to…

Background/Aim: Cobalamin and folate are interdependent co-factors of the methionine synthase pathway. This study evaluated the effect of intravenously-administered nitrosylcobalamin (NO-Cbl), a vitamin B12 analog, on serum folate concentrations in…

Background/Aim: Nitrosylcobalamin (NO-Cbl) is a cobalamin-based anti-tumor agent. This study evaluated the pharmacokinetic parameters of NO-Cbl following intravenous administration in dogs. Materials and Methods: Four dogs received 10 mg/kg, 20 mg/kg…

We describe a patient with community-acquired pneumonia due to Legionella pneumophila serogroup 6. This patient was found to have bronchoalveolar carcinoma of the lung by means of cytologic testing in 1 of 2 bronchoalveolar lavage samples, but no…

Objective. A dose-response relationship for hydroxychloroquine (HCQ), in terms of the proportion of patients achieving the Paulus 20% criteria for improvement, had previously been observed in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) receiving a 6-week…

Purpose of review: Sustained low-efficiency dialysis (SLED) is increasingly used as a renal replacement modality in critically ill patients with acute kidney injury (AKI) and hemodynamic instability. There is, therefore, a greater need for the…
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