Application Of The Stressor Vulnerability Model To Understanding Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (ptsd) And Alcohol-related Problems In An Undergraduate Population

Title

Application Of The Stressor Vulnerability Model To Understanding Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (ptsd) And Alcohol-related Problems In An Undergraduate Population

Creator

Hruska B; Delahanty D L

Publisher

Psychology of Addictive Behaviors

Date

2012
2012-12

Description

Research examining the comorbidity of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and alcohol-use disorder (AUD) suggests that individuals experiencing PTSD symptoms (PTSS) often drink alcohol as a means to self-medicate their trauma symptoms; however, little attention has been given to moderating variables that may make this association more likely. The stressor vulnerability model proposes that being male, relying on maladaptive forms of coping, and holding positive alcohol-outcome expectancies predispose individuals to engage in alcohol use when experiencing psychological distress. In the current study, sex, avoidance coping (AVC), tension-reduction expectancies (TRE), and emotional-relief drinking-refusal self-efficacy. (ERDRSE) were examined as moderators of the relationship between PTSS and alcohol-related problems in a sample of 144 undergraduates. Results indicated that males reporting high levels of TRE exhibited a stronger positive relationship between PTSS and alcohol-related problems than was present for males reporting low levels of TRE and for females reporting either high or low levels of TRE. In addition, a significant positive relationship between PTSS and alcohol-related problems was observed for individuals reporting high levels of TRE and low levels of ERDRSE, but not for individuals reporting high levels of TRE and high levels of ERDRSE, low TRE-low ERDRSE, or low TRE-high ERDRSE. Assessment of these vulnerability factors in traumatized youth and young adults may serve as a useful means of identifying individuals at risk for the development of alcohol-related problems.

Subject

alcohol use disorder; differential role; events; exposed college-students; gender differences; identification test; physical abuse; posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD); problem drinking; Psychology; refusal self-efficacy; social support; stressor; Substance Abuse; substance use; traumatic; vulnerability model

Identifier

Format

Journal Article or Conference Abstract Publication

Search for Full-text

Users with a NEOMED Library login can search for full-text journal articles at the following url: https://libraryguides.neomed.edu/home

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

734-746

Issue

4

Volume

26

Citation

Hruska B; Delahanty D L, “Application Of The Stressor Vulnerability Model To Understanding Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (ptsd) And Alcohol-related Problems In An Undergraduate Population,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed April 12, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/10251.

Social Bookmarking