Tumor-specific Chromosome Mis-segregation Controls Cancer Plasticity By Maintaining Tumor Heterogeneity

Title

Tumor-specific Chromosome Mis-segregation Controls Cancer Plasticity By Maintaining Tumor Heterogeneity

Creator

Hu Y J; Ru N; Xiao H S; Chaturbedi A; Hoa N T; Tian X J; Zhang H; Ke C; Yan F R; Nelson J; Li Z Z; Gramer R; Yu L P; Siegel E; Zhang X N; Jia Z Y; Jadus M R; Limoli C L; Linskey M E; Xing J H; Zhou Y H

Publisher

Plos One

Date

2013
2013-11

Description

Aneuploidy with chromosome instability is a cancer hallmark. We studied chromosome 7 (Chr7) copy number variation (CNV) in gliomas and in primary cultures derived from them. We found tumor heterogeneity with cells having Chr7-CNV commonly occurs in gliomas, with a higher percentage of cells in high-grade gliomas carrying more than 2 copies of Chr7, as compared to low-grade gliomas. Interestingly, all Chr7-aneuploid cell types in the parental culture of established glioma cell lines reappeared in single-cell-derived subcultures. We then characterized the biology of three syngeneic glioma cultures dominated by different Chr7-aneuploid cell types. We found phenotypic divergence for cells following Chr7 mis-segregation, which benefited overall tumor growth in vitro and in vivo. Mathematical modeling suggested the involvement of chromosome instability and interactions among cell subpopulations in restoring the optimal equilibrium of tumor cell types. Both our experimental data and mathematical modeling demonstrated that the complexity of tumor heterogeneity could be enhanced by the existence of chromosomes with structural abnormality, in addition to their mis-segregations. Overall, our findings show, for the first time, the involvement of chromosome instability in maintaining tumor heterogeneity, which underlies the enhanced growth, persistence and treatment resistance of cancers.

Subject

aneuploidy; clonal evolution; expression; glioblastoma-multiforme; glioma-cells; growth-factor; initiating cells; malignant glioma; mitotic errors; Science & Technology - Other Topics; stem-cells

Format

Journal Article or Conference Abstract Publication

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Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

16-16

Issue

11

Volume

8

Citation

Hu Y J; Ru N; Xiao H S; Chaturbedi A; Hoa N T; Tian X J; Zhang H; Ke C; Yan F R; Nelson J; Li Z Z; Gramer R; Yu L P; Siegel E; Zhang X N; Jia Z Y; Jadus M R; Limoli C L; Linskey M E; Xing J H; Zhou Y H, “Tumor-specific Chromosome Mis-segregation Controls Cancer Plasticity By Maintaining Tumor Heterogeneity,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed November 28, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/10258.

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