Cholesterol 7-alpha-hydroxylase - Evidence For Transcriptional Regulation By Cholesterol Or Metabolic Products Of Cholesterol In The Rat

Title

Cholesterol 7-alpha-hydroxylase - Evidence For Transcriptional Regulation By Cholesterol Or Metabolic Products Of Cholesterol In The Rat

Creator

Jones M P; Pandak W M; Heuman D M; Chiang J Y L; Hylemon P B; Vlahcevic Z R

Publisher

Journal of Lipid Research

Date

1993
1993-06

Description

Cholesterol 7alpha-hydroxylase, the rate-determining enzyme in the bile acid biosynthesis pathway, is regulated in a negative feedback manner by hydrophobic bile salts returning to the liver via the portal circulation. The role of cholesterol in the regulation of cholesterol 7alpha-hydroxylase and the interrelationship between the cholesterol and bile acid biosynthesis pathways remain controversial. The objective of the present study was to define the role of cholesterol in the regulation of cholesterol 7alpha-hydroxylase and determine the molecular level of its control. In order to avoid intestinal or intravenous administration of cholesterol, we manipulated the flow of cholesterol within the hepatocytes by decreasing cholesterol synthesis with lovastatin in bile fistula rats (bile acid synthesis is up-regulated), or by increasing cholesterol supply by administering mevalonate, a precursor of cholesterol, to rats with intact enterohepatic circulation (bile acid synthesis is normal). In the first series of studies, lovastatin was administered as a single intravenous bolus (10 mg/kg) to rats with chronic bile fistula and to rats with intact enterohepatic circulation (cholesterol and bile acid synthesis is normal). Three hours after lovastatin administration, cholesterol 7alpha-hydroxylase specific activity, enzyme mass, mRNA, and gene transcriptional activity were decreased by 35%, 32%, 56%, and 34%, respectively, in rats with chronic bile fistula. In rats with intact enterohepatic circulation, lovastatin administration resulted in a similar decrease (34%) of cholesterol 7alpha-hydroxylase specific activity. In the second group of experiments, rats with intact enterohepatic circulation were administered a 180 mum bolus of mevalonate followed by a continuous infusion of 180 mumol/h for 1.5, 3, 4.5, and 24 h prior to being killed. Continuous infusion of mevalonate increased cholesterol 7-alpha-hydroxylase specific activity, mRNA levels, and transcriptional activity by an average of 2- to 3-fold at all time intervals. We conclude that under circumstances in which cholesterol is present in excess, cholesterol 7alpha-hydroxylase transcriptional activity is up-regulated and removal of cholesterol from the hepatocytes is facilitated by an increase of bile acid synthesis. When cholesterol availability is decreased, cholesterol 7alpha-hydroxylase transcriptional activity is down-regulated leading to a decreased elimination of cholesterol via bile acid synthesis. In both instances, hepatic cholesterol homeostasis is effectively maintained.

Subject

bile-acid synthesis; bile fistula; bile-acid synthesis; Biochemistry & Molecular Biology; biosynthesis; cloning; enterohepatic circulation; enzyme; hepatic cholesterol; hepatocytes; hmg-coa reductase; liver microsomes; lovastatin; messenger-rna; mevalonate; stimulation

Identifier

n/a

Format

Journal Article or Conference Abstract Publication

URL Address

n/a

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Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

885-892

Issue

6

Volume

34

Citation

Jones M P; Pandak W M; Heuman D M; Chiang J Y L; Hylemon P B; Vlahcevic Z R, “Cholesterol 7-alpha-hydroxylase - Evidence For Transcriptional Regulation By Cholesterol Or Metabolic Products Of Cholesterol In The Rat,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed December 1, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/10370.

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