Influence Of Muscle-cell Substrates On Differentiation Of Intrafusal Fiber Types In Neonatal Rats

Title

Influence Of Muscle-cell Substrates On Differentiation Of Intrafusal Fiber Types In Neonatal Rats

Creator

Kucera J; Walro J M; Gao Y

Publisher

Neuroscience

Date

1993
1993-02

Description

Rat muscle spindles contain one nuclear bag2, one nuclear bag1, and two nuclear chain fibers. The three different types of intrafusal fiber in spindles may be a reflection of concomitant changes in proportions of slow primary, slow/fast secondary, and fast secondary myotubes during the period of spindle development. We examined whether experimentally altering the available muscle substrates would impact the intrafusal fiber type composition of spindles. De novo formation of spindles in muscles devoid of primary myotubes was induced by crushing the nerve to the medial gastrocnemius muscle in newborn rats and administering nerve growth factor for ten days afterwards. Encapsulated fibers of the reinnervated muscles examined one month after nerve crush had myofibrillar adenosine triphosphatase and myosin heavy chain profiles similar to normal bag2, bag1, or chain intrafusal fibers. However, spindles in reinnervated muscles contained fewer fibers than controls. Most experimental spindles contained chain and/or bag1 fibers, the two fiber types which ordinarily arise during secondary myogenesis. In contrast, bag2 fibers, fibers that normally form concomitant with primary myogenesis, were absent from nearly 90% of spindles in reinnervated muscles. The paucity of bag2 fibers may reflect the absence of primary myotubes, whereas the prevalence of chain and/or bag1 fibers may reflect that secondary myotubes or myofibers that descended from the secondary myotubes were the principal muscle substrates available for spindle formation in the nerve-crushed muscles. The paucity of bag2 fibers in spindles formed in muscles devoid of primary myotubes suggests that the types of muscle substrates available to afferents are an important determinant of intrafusal fiber types in muscle spindles, and that the formation of a bag2 fiber in an intrafusal bundle is not essential for the subsequent differentiation of chain and/or bag1 fibers.

Subject

expression; gastrocnemius; myogenesis; myosin heavy-chain; nerve crush; Neurosciences & Neurology; spindles

Format

Journal Article or Conference Abstract Publication

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Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

1001-1008

Issue

4

Volume

52

Citation

Kucera J; Walro J M; Gao Y, “Influence Of Muscle-cell Substrates On Differentiation Of Intrafusal Fiber Types In Neonatal Rats,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed January 20, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/10587.

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