Michael P Hopkins MD MEd
A fluid-filled sac in the ovarian tissue. The cyst may be unilocular or multilocular. The causes may be physiologic, infectious, benign neoplastic, malignant neoplastic, or metastatic. The most important step in management is assessing the risk of malignancy. Oral contraceptives do not hasten or influence regression of benign ovarian cysts. Asymptomatic postmenopausal women with simple unilocular ovarian cysts Ultrasonography can provide a morphology index score that is useful in determining likelihood of malignancy. Guidelines by the American College of Obstetricians provide validated criteria for referral to gynecologic oncology.
Adnexal cyst; Adnexal mass; Cyst of ovary; Cystic ovary; Extrauterine pelvic mass; Obstetrics and gynecology; Ovarian cyst; Ovarian mass; Ovary cyst; Primary care
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Update Year & Number
January 2020 Update
Michael P Hopkins MD MEd, “Ovarian cysts,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed June 14, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/10925.