Throws of Death: Traumatic Coronary Artery Dissection Resulting From Jiu Jitsu Training

Title

Throws of Death: Traumatic Coronary Artery Dissection Resulting From Jiu Jitsu Training

Creator

Haywood Steven T; Patel Kush; Gallo Douglas; Silver Kevin; Jouriles Nicolas

Publisher

The Journal of Emergency Medicine

Date

2019
2019-11-16

Description

BACKGROUND: The risk of cardiac injury in blunt thoracic trauma is quite rare, occurring in only 0.1% of patients. The least common cardiac injury is coronary artery dissection. Most cardiac injuries result from high-energy mechanisms such as motor vehicle collisions. Even low-mechanism injuries that have been reported involved rapid deceleration. CASE REPORT: We present a case of traumatic coronary artery dissection that resulted from a low-energy blunt thoracic injury with no rapid deceleration. This patient had no other associated thoracic injuries, such as rib fractures or sternal fracture. Following presentation, our patient twice deteriorated into ventricular fibrillation and was successfully resuscitated each time. The coronary lesion was successfully stented and the patient was eventually discharged home. WHY SHOULD AN EMERGENCY PHYSICIAN BE AWARE OF THIS?: This case underscores the importance of maintaining a high level of suspicion for coronary artery dissection even in low-energy mechanisms. An electrocardiogram should be obtained early, even in low-energy mechanisms. While patients with traumatic cardiac injuries will commonly present with other injuries, such as rib fractures, the absence of these injuries does not rule out cardiac injury.

Subject

cardiac arrest; coronary dissection; myocardial infarction; myocardial injury; sports medicine; trauma

Identifier

PMID: 31744712

Format

Journal Article

Search for Full-text

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Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

ISSN

0736-4679

NEOMED College

NEOMED College of Medicine

NEOMED Department

Department of Emergency Medicine; Department of Internal Medicine; NEOMED College of Medicine Student Publications

Update Year & Number

January 2020 Update

Affiliated Hospital

Cleveland Clinic Akron General Hospital; Summa Health System Akron City Hospital; Summa Health Akron;

Citation

Haywood Steven T; Patel Kush; Gallo Douglas; Silver Kevin; Jouriles Nicolas, “Throws of Death: Traumatic Coronary Artery Dissection Resulting From Jiu Jitsu Training,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed January 21, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/10933.

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