Development and evaluation of a new short form of the conformity to masculine norms inventory (CMNI-30).

Title

Development and evaluation of a new short form of the conformity to masculine norms inventory (CMNI-30).

Creator

Levant RF; McDermott R; Parent MC; Alshabani N; Mahalik JR; Hammer JH

Publisher

Journal of counseling psychology

Date

2020
2020-02-03

Description

The Conformity to Masculine Norms Inventory (CMNI) has been an important tool in researching masculinity. With the original measure at 94 items (Mahalik et al., 2003), there have been several abbreviated forms developed from 11 to 55 items. However, in confirmatory factor analyses (CFA's) testing 13 common factors, bifactor, hierarchical, and unidimensional models, only 4 models demonstrated adequate fit to the data, and most of these were for the still quite long 46-item version. As a result, there was no psychometrically strong truly short form of the CMNI. In the present study, data from 1561 community and university men were used to develop a short form. First an exploratory factor analysis using a portion of the data was conducted, which resulted in a 10-subscale dimensionality, followed by CFA estimating a common factors model. The results of the CFA were used to create two candidate models for a 30-item short form of the CMNI, based on Classical test theory (CTT) and optimized CTT. The best-fitting candidate model for the CMNI-30 was CTT. Next, the fit of the 29, 46, and 94 item models were compared to the 30-item version, which had the superior fit. Then, measurement invariance between White men and men of color was assessed, choosing this comparison because hegemonic masculinity is theorized to marginalize men of color. Evidence was found for full configural and metric, and partial scalar and residuals invariance. Finally, significant relationships between CMNI-30 scores and indicators of depression and anxiety provides preliminary concurrent evidence for its validity. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved).

Identifier

PMID: 32011153

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Format

journalArticle

Search for Full-text

Users with a NEOMED Library login can search for full-text journal articles at the following url: https://libraryguides.neomed.edu/home

ISSN

0022-0167 0022-0167

NEOMED College

NEOMED College of Medicine

NEOMED Department

Department of Family & Community Medicine

Update Year & Number

June2020SubmittedList

Citation

Levant RF; McDermott R; Parent MC; Alshabani N; Mahalik JR; Hammer JH, “Development and evaluation of a new short form of the conformity to masculine norms inventory (CMNI-30).,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed April 14, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/11171.

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