Moderation and mediation of the relationships between masculinity ideology and health status.

Title

Moderation and mediation of the relationships between masculinity ideology and health status.

Creator

Levant RF; Jadaszewski S; Alto K; Richmond K; Pardo S; Keo-Meier C; Gerdes Z

Publisher

Health psychology : official journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association

Date

2019
2019-02

Description

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the direct and indirect relationships between the endorsement of traditional masculinity ideology (TMI) and self-reported health status through potential mediating variables of expectations of benefits from health risk behaviors and actual health risk behaviors. In addition, the objective was to test the moderating effect of gender identity, broadly defined (including cisgender and transgender men and women and nonbinary persons). METHOD: Participants (N = 1233; 34.3% transgender) participated in an online survey, responding to measures of TMI, expectations of benefits, health behaviors, health status, and demographics. Data were analyzed using conditional process modeling. RESULTS: TMI was positively and directly associated with general health status for self-identified men (regardless of their sex assigned at birth), and with mental health for both men and women, but was not associated with physical health for persons of any gender identity. TMI was positively and directly associated with expectations of benefits for both men and women. Expectations of benefits from engaging in health risk behaviors was positively associated with health risk behaviors, and health risk behaviors had a large negative association with health status, for people of all gender identities. CONCLUSIONS: TMI may be a general and mental health protective factor for self-identified men, and a mental health protective factor for women, regardless of assigned sex at birth. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved).

Subject

Adolescent; Female; Humans; Male; Adult; Aged; Middle Aged; Young Adult; Surveys and Questionnaires; Health Status; Masculinity; Health Behavior/physiology

Identifier

PMID: 30652914

Rights

Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Format

journalArticle

Search for Full-text

Users with a NEOMED Library login can search for full-text journal articles at the following url: https://libraryguides.neomed.edu/home

Pages

162-171

Issue

2

Volume

38

ISSN

1930-7810 0278-6133

NEOMED College

NEOMED College of Medicine

NEOMED Department

Department of Family & Community Medicine

Update Year & Number

June2020SubmittedList

Citation

Levant RF; Jadaszewski S; Alto K; Richmond K; Pardo S; Keo-Meier C; Gerdes Z, “Moderation and mediation of the relationships between masculinity ideology and health status.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed January 21, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/11193.

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