Enough sight to fight? The history of military visual system requirements.

Title

Enough sight to fight? The history of military visual system requirements.

Creator

Hertle RW

Publisher

Survey Of Ophthalmology

Date

2020
2020-09-09

Description

Medicine has a six-fold role to play in war; (1) Selection of suitable military personnel, (2) To protect against disease, (3) To give medical attention and treatment to those who are ill and injured, (4) To assist in the rehabilitation of the disabled, (5) Research to improve etiology and treatments of disease, and 6) The unit surgeon serves as a special staff officer to the military commander at all levels battalion and above, long with the attorney and chaplain, and supplies medical input into all plans whether it be training or combat operations. This paper focuses on the realization by soldiers, since antiquity, of the importance of the visual system in battle, how this was measured, and how modern military visual requirements have evolved along with the science of Ophthalmology. Necessity and natural selection were the driving forces for recruitment and assignment in ancient and medieval armies. Since the advent of mechanized warfare more soldiers can perform more tasks, more uniformly, radically changing the way soldiers are selected. Modern military duty eligibility requirements and assignments are now the result of special tests and documentation procedures resulting from a mixture of medical knowledge, science and potential legal consequences. Nowhere is this more evident in the stringent visual system requirements for military service. (Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.)

Subject

Military History; Ophthalmic History; Vision Testing Methods

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Format

journalArticle

Search for Full-text

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ISSN

1879-3304

NEOMED College

NEOMED College of Medicine

NEOMED Department

Department of General Surgery

Update Year & Number

September 2020 List

Affiliated Hospital

Akron Children's Hospital

Citation

Hertle RW, “Enough sight to fight? The history of military visual system requirements.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed November 24, 2020, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/11285.

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