Essential role of neutrophils in the protective immune response induced by a live attenuated leishmania vaccine.

Title

Essential role of neutrophils in the protective immune response induced by a live attenuated leishmania vaccine.

Creator

Bhattacharya P;Dey R;Saxena A;Karmakar S;Ismail N;Gannavaram S;Dagur PK;Satoskar M;Satoskar S;De Paoli S;Takeda K;McCoy JP Jr;Nakhasi HL

Publisher

Journal of Immunology

Date

2020
2020-11-11

Description

No licensed vaccine exists against visceral leishmaniasis (VL), a disease caused by the Leishmania donovani parasite. We have previously reported both macrophages and dendritic cells play important role in the protection induced by a live attenuated centrin gene-deleted L. donovani (LdCen(-/-) ) parasite vaccine. The role of neutrophils in orchestrating the initial innate response to pathogens is widely recognized. To investigate the early interaction of LdCen(-/-) with neutrophils, we immunized mice intradermally in the ear pinna with LdCen(-/-) Compared with LdWT infection, LdCen(-/-) parasites induced higher recruitment of neutrophils to the ear dermis and ear draining lymph nodes (dLN) as early as 6-18 h after immunization, which were predominantly proinflammatory in nature. Neutrophils from ear dLN of LdCen(-/-) -immunized mice exhibited heightened expression of costimulatory molecules and attenuated expression of coinhibitory molecules necessary for higher T cell activation. Further phenotypic characterization revealed heterogeneous neutrophil populations containing Nα and Nβ subtypes in the ear dLN. Of the two, the parasitized Nα subset from LdCen(-/-) -immunized mice exhibited much stronger Ag-specific CD4(+) T cell proliferation ex vivo. Adoptive transfer of neutrophils bearing LdCen(-/-) parasites induced an increased Th1 response in naive mice. Importantly, neutrophil depletion significantly abrogated Ag-specific CD4(+) T cell proliferation in LdCen(-/-) -immunized mice and impaired protection against virulent challenge. Conversely, replenishing of neutrophils significantly restored the LdCen(-/-) -induced host-protective response. These results suggest that neutrophils are indispensable for protective immunity induced by LdCen(-/-) parasite vaccine.

Format

journalArticle

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Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

ISSN

1550-6606 0022-1767

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Update Year & Number

October 2020 List

Citation

Bhattacharya P;Dey R;Saxena A;Karmakar S;Ismail N;Gannavaram S;Dagur PK;Satoskar M;Satoskar S;De Paoli S;Takeda K;McCoy JP Jr;Nakhasi HL, “Essential role of neutrophils in the protective immune response induced by a live attenuated leishmania vaccine.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed October 22, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/11324.

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