The different elements of the Urinary Tract Dilation (UTD) Classification System and their capacity to predict findings on mercaptoacetyltriglycine (MAG3) diuretic renography.

Title

The different elements of the Urinary Tract Dilation (UTD) Classification System and their capacity to predict findings on mercaptoacetyltriglycine (MAG3) diuretic renography.

Creator

Agard H; Massanyi E; Albertson M; Anderson M; Alam M; Lyden E; Del Rio CV

Publisher

Journal of Pediatric Urology

Date

2020
2020-08-06

Description

INTRODUCTION: The UTD Classification System risk stratifies postnatal UTD into three groups: low risk (UTD P1), intermediate risk (UTD P2), and high risk (UTD P3). In the original consensus document, a functional scan is not recommended for UTD P1 and is left to the discretion of the clinician for UTD P2 and P3. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to understand which patients with postnatal urinary tract dilation would benefit from a functional study. We investigated how different elements of the UTD classification system predict differential renal function (DRF) and diuretic half-life (T½) on MAG3 scan in infants undergoing evaluation for prenatally detected UTD. STUDY DESIGN: This is a multicenter retrospective chart review of infants 6 months of age or younger evaluated for prenatal UTD, correlating their first MAG3 scan and first postnatal renal ultrasound (RUS). Multivariable logistic regression was used to find UTD elements predictive of DRF < 40% and/or T½ > 20 min. RESULTS: A total of 517 patients met study criteria. Median age at time of RUS and MAG3 renal scan was 48 days (IGR 31-81) and 63 days (IQR 45-98), respectively. DRF < 40% was found in 6% of kidneys with UTD P2 and 35% of kidneys with UTD P3. T½ > 20 min was found in 31% of kidneys with UTD P2 and 79% of kidneys with UTD P3. An abnormal ureter (OR 2.7, 95% CI 1.2-6.0) and parenchymal thinning (OR 16, 95% CI 5.8-41.4) were significant at predicting DRF < 40%. Parenchymal thinning (OR 3.0, 95% CI 1.5-6.1) also predicted T½ > 20 min, as did each cm increase in the anterior-posterior renal pelvic diameter (APRPD) (OR 4.8, 95% CI 3.0-7.7). DISCUSSION: The UTD system discriminates well and correlates with the likelihood of finding adverse features on diuretic renography. Patients in the UTD P3 high-risk category had a significantly higher incidence of decreased differential renal function and delayed drainage than those in UTD P1 and P2. Of the individual components of the UTD Classification system, the presence of parenchymal thinning was the most important factor in predicting both decreased differential renal function and delayed drainage. CONCLUSION: Given the high incidence of poor function and delayed drainage seen in the UTD P3 group, we believe a functional study should be recommended in the evaluation of these patients. Our findings support leaving the performance of a functional study at the discretion of the physician for UTD P2.

Subject

Diuretic renography; Hydronephrosis; Mercaptoacetyltriglycine

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Format

journalArticle

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ISSN

1873-4898 1477-5131

Update Year & Number

Hospital List

Citation

Agard H; Massanyi E; Albertson M; Anderson M; Alam M; Lyden E; Del Rio CV, “The different elements of the Urinary Tract Dilation (UTD) Classification System and their capacity to predict findings on mercaptoacetyltriglycine (MAG3) diuretic renography.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed May 9, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/11423.

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