In-Depth Look at the Anatomical Relationship of the Lesser Occipital Nerve, Great Auricular Nerve, and Spinal Accessory Nerve and Their Implication in Safety of Operations in the Posterior Triangle of the Neck.

Title

In-Depth Look at the Anatomical Relationship of the Lesser Occipital Nerve, Great Auricular Nerve, and Spinal Accessory Nerve and Their Implication in Safety of Operations in the Posterior Triangle of the Neck.

Creator

Amirlak B; Lu KB; Erickson CR; Sanniec K; Totonchi A; Peled ZM; Cheng JC

Publisher

Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery

Date

2020
2020-09

Description

BACKGROUND: Migraine surgery is an increasingly popular treatment option for migraine patients. The lesser occipital nerve is a common trigger point for headache abnormalities, but there is a paucity of research regarding the lesser occipital nerve and its intimate association with the spinal accessory nerve. METHODS: Six cadaver necks were dissected. The lesser occipital, great auricular, and spinal accessory nerves were identified and systematically measured and recorded. These landmarks included the longitudinal axis (vertical line drawn in the posterior), the horizontal axis (defined as a line between the most anterosuperior points of the external auditory canals) and the earlobe. Mean distances and standard deviations were calculated to delineate the relationship between the spinal accessory, lesser occipital, and great auricular nerves. RESULTS: The point of emergence of the spinal accessory nerve was determined to be 7.17 ± 1.15 cm lateral to the y axis and 7.77 ± 1.10 caudal to the x axis. The lesser occipital nerve emerges 7.5 ± 1.31 cm lateral to the y axis and 8.47 ± 1.11 cm caudal to the x axis. The great auricular nerve emerges 8.33 ± 1.31 cm lateral to the y axis and 9.4 ±1.07 cm caudal to the x axis. The decussation of the spinal accessory and the lesser occipital nerves was found to be 7.70 ± 1.16 cm caudal to the x axis and 7.17 ± 1.15 lateral to the y axis. CONCLUSION: Understanding the close relationship between the lesser occipital nerve and spinal accessory nerve in the posterior, lateral neck area is crucial for a safer approach to occipital migraine headaches, occipital neuralgia, and new daily persistent headaches and other reconstructive or cosmetic operations.

Subject

Humans; Female; Cadaver; Neurosurgical Procedures/methods; Accessory Nerve/anatomy & histology/surgery; Cervical Plexus/anatomy & histology/surgery; Migraine Disorders/diagnosis/surgery; Neck/innervation

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Format

journalArticle

Search for Full-text

Users with a NEOMED Library login can search for full-text journal articles at the following url: https://libraryguides.neomed.edu/home

Pages

509-514

Issue

3

Volume

146

ISSN

1529-4242 0032-1052

Update Year & Number

Hospital List

Citation

Amirlak B; Lu KB; Erickson CR; Sanniec K; Totonchi A; Peled ZM; Cheng JC, “In-Depth Look at the Anatomical Relationship of the Lesser Occipital Nerve, Great Auricular Nerve, and Spinal Accessory Nerve and Their Implication in Safety of Operations in the Posterior Triangle of the Neck.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed May 7, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/11428.

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