SENTINEL1: Two-Season Study of Respiratory Syncytial Virus Hospitalizations among U.S. Infants Born at 29 to 35 Weeks' Gestational Age Not Receiving Immunoprophylaxis.

Title

SENTINEL1: Two-Season Study of Respiratory Syncytial Virus Hospitalizations among U.S. Infants Born at 29 to 35 Weeks' Gestational Age Not Receiving Immunoprophylaxis.

Creator

Anderson EJ; DeVincenzo JP; Simões EAF; Krilov LR; Forbes ML; Pannaraj PS; Espinosa CM; Welliver RC; Wolkoff LI; Yogev R; Checchia PA; Domachowske JB; Halasa N; McBride SJ; Kumar VR; McLaurin KK; Rizzo CP; Ambrose CS

Publisher

American Journal of Perinatology

Date

2020
2020-03

Description

OBJECTIVE: The SENTINEL1 observational study characterized confirmed respiratory syncytial virus hospitalizations (RSVH) among U.S. preterm infants born at 29 to 35 weeks' gestational age (wGA) not receiving respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) immunoprophylaxis (IP) during the 2014 to 2015 and 2015 to 2016 RSV seasons. STUDY DESIGN: All laboratory-confirmed RSVH at participating sites during the 2014 to 2015 and 2015 to 2016 RSV seasons (October 1-April 30) lasting ≥24 hours among preterm infants 29 to 35 wGA and aged <12 months who did not receive RSV IP within 35 days before onset of symptoms were identified and characterized. RESULTS: Results were similar across the two seasons. Among infants with community-acquired RSVH (N = 1,378), 45% were admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) and 19% required invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV). There were two deaths. Infants aged <6 months accounted for 78% of RSVH observed, 84% of ICU admissions, and 91% requiring IMV. Among infants who were discharged from their birth hospitalization during the RSV season, 82% of RSVH occurred within 60 days of birth hospitalization discharge. CONCLUSION: Among U.S. preterm infants 29 to 35 wGA not receiving RSV IP, RSVH are often severe with almost one-half requiring ICU admission and about one in five needing IMV.

Subject

Humans; Male; Female; Infant; Infant Newborn; Odds Ratio; Multivariate Analysis; Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use; United States/epidemiology; Intensive Care Units Pediatric; Community-Acquired Infections/epidemiology; Respiration Artificial; Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data; Infant Premature; Respiratory Syncytial Virus Human; Infant Premature Diseases/epidemiology/prevention & control/therapy; Palivizumab/therapeutic use; Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections/epidemiology/prevention & control/therapy

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Format

journalArticle

Search for Full-text

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Pages

421-429

Issue

4

Volume

37

ISSN

1098-8785 0735-1631

Update Year & Number

Hospital List

Citation

Anderson EJ; DeVincenzo JP; Simões EAF; Krilov LR; Forbes ML; Pannaraj PS; Espinosa CM; Welliver RC; Wolkoff LI; Yogev R; Checchia PA; Domachowske JB; Halasa N; McBride SJ; Kumar VR; McLaurin KK; Rizzo CP; Ambrose CS, “SENTINEL1: Two-Season Study of Respiratory Syncytial Virus Hospitalizations among U.S. Infants Born at 29 to 35 Weeks' Gestational Age Not Receiving Immunoprophylaxis.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed September 17, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/11452.

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