Using contact-based education to destigmatize opioid use disorder among medical students.

Title

Using contact-based education to destigmatize opioid use disorder among medical students.

Creator

Mort Sophia C; Díaz SR; Beverly EA

Publisher

Teaching And Learning In Medicine

Date

2020
2020-11-16

Description

All first- and second-year (i.e., pre-clinical) medical students at a large, Midwestern medical school with three campuses were invited to participate in a two-arm, parallel educational study comparing the efficacy of two types of curricular interventions. Students at the main campus attended the modified contact-based education panel or the didactic lecture in person, while students at the two distance campuses attended the modified contact-based education or lecture remotely using the University's videoconferencing system. Impact: A total of 109 students participated in the study (average age 24.2 years (SD = 2.6), 64.2% female, 79.8% white, 56.0% second-year students, 67.9% attended on main campus, lecture = 52 participants, modified contact-based = 57 participants). Baseline responses were similar across groups. Following the session, participants in both interventions rated drug abuse (percent increase = 21.2%, p < .001) and prescription drug diversion (percent increase = 7.6%, p = .004) as more serious problems. Participants from both interventions expressed increased confidence in caring for patients with OUD (percent increase = 45.5%, p < .001) and increased interest in pursuing MAT training (percent increase = 21.5%, p = .04). Both curricular interventions were equally effective at reducing OUD stigma with a significant 8.2% decrease in total stigma scores and a large effect size (p < .001, η(p) (2) = .34). Lastly, participants with lower post-assessment OUD stigma scores were more likely to indicate that they would pursue additional training to provide MAT (p = .02). Lessons learned: Exposure to opioid-specific education with a focus on MAT and recovery, regardless of education type, positively affected opioid-related postgraduate intentions and reduced OUD stigma. Notably, these findings suggest that there are multiple efficacious techniques to reduce OUD stigma during preclinical training.

Subject

medical education; Opioids; opioid use disorder; osteopathic medicine

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Format

journalArticle

Search for Full-text

Users with a NEOMED Library login can search for full-text journal articles at the following url: https://libraryguides.neomed.edu/home

Pages

1-14

ISSN

1532-8015 1040-1334

NEOMED College

NEOMED College of Medicine

NEOMED Department

Department of Family & Community Medicine

Update Year & Number

December 2020 List

Citation

Mort Sophia C; Díaz SR; Beverly EA, “Using contact-based education to destigmatize opioid use disorder among medical students.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed April 23, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/11475.

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