Epidemiology of brainstem high-grade gliomas in children and adolescents in the united states, 2000-2017.

Title

Epidemiology of brainstem high-grade gliomas in children and adolescents in the united states, 2000-2017.

Creator

Patil N; Kelly ME; Yeboa DN; Buerki RA; Cioffi G; Balaji S; Ostrom QT; Kruchko C; Barnholtz-Sloan J

Publisher

Neuro-oncology

Date

2020
2020-12-21

Description

BACKGROUND: Limited population-based data exists for the brainstem gliomas for children ages ≤19 years, which includes high-grade aggressively-growing tumors such as diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG). We examined the overall incidence and survival patterns in children with brainstem High-Grade glioma (HGG) by age, sex, and race and ethnicity. METHODS: We used data from Central Brain Tumor Registry of the United States (CBTRUS), obtained through data use agreements with the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) and the National Cancer Institute (NCI) from 2000 - 2017, and survival data from the CDC's National Program of Cancer Registries (NPCR), from 2001 - 2016 for malignant brainstem HGG for ages ≤19 years (per WHO ICD-O-3 codes). HGG was determined by established histologic and/or imaging criteria. Age-adjusted incidence rates and survival data were used to assess differences overall and by age, sex race, and ethnicity. RESULTS: The incidence of brainstem HGG was higher among the female and Non-Hispanic population. Majority (69.8%) of these tumors were diagnosed radiographically. Incidence was higher in children aged 01-09 years compared to older children. Whites had a higher incidence compared to Blacks. However, the risk of death was higher among Blacks and Other race compared to Whites. There was no difference in survival by sex. CONCLUSIONS: We report the most comprehensive incidence and survival data on these lethal brainstem HGGs. Incidence and survival among patients with brainstem HGGs differed significantly by race, ethnicity, age-groups and grade.

Subject

Brainstem; CBTRUS; DIPG; Glioma; High-Grade Glioma

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Format

journalArticle

Search for Full-text

Users with a NEOMED Library login can search for full-text journal articles at the following url: https://libraryguides.neomed.edu/home

ISSN

1523-5866 1522-8517

NEOMED College

NEOMED College of Medicine

NEOMED Department

Department of Pediatrics

Update Year & Number

January 2021 List

Citation

Patil N; Kelly ME; Yeboa DN; Buerki RA; Cioffi G; Balaji S; Ostrom QT; Kruchko C; Barnholtz-Sloan J, “Epidemiology of brainstem high-grade gliomas in children and adolescents in the united states, 2000-2017.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed April 15, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/11503.

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