Measuring acetyl-coa and acetylated histone turnover in vivo: Effect of a high fat diet.

Title

Measuring acetyl-coa and acetylated histone turnover in vivo: Effect of a high fat diet.

Creator

Arias-Alvarado A; Aghayev M; Ilchenko S; Rachdaoui N; Lepp J; Tsai T-H; Zhang G-F; Previs S; Kasumov T

Publisher

Analytical Biochemistry

Date

2021
2021-02-15

Description

Cellular availability of acetyl-CoA, a central intermediate of metabolism, regulates histone acetylation. The impact of a high-fat diet (HFD) on the turnover rates of acetyl-CoA and acetylated histones is unknown. We developed a method for simultaneous measurement of acetyl-CoA and acetylated histones kinetics using a single (2)H(2)O tracer, and used it to examine effect of HFD-induced perturbations on hepatic histone acetylation in LDLR(-/-) mice, a mouse model of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Mice were given (2)H(2)O in the drinking water and the kinetics of hepatic acetyl-CoA, histones, and acetylated histones were quantified based on their (2)H-labeling. Consumption of a high fat Western-diet (WD) for twelve weeks led to decreased acetylation of hepatic histones (p< 0.05), as compared to a control diet. These changes were associated with 1.5-3-fold increased turnover rates of histones without any change in acetyl-CoA flux. Acetylation significantly reduced the stability of histones and the turnover rates of acetylated peptides were correlated with the number of acetyl groups in neighboring lysine sites. We conclude that (2)H(2)O-method can be used to study metabolically controlled histone acetylation and acetylated histone turnover in vivo.

Subject

Acetyl-CoA; Acetylation; Heavy water; High resolution mass spectrometry; Histone; Turnover

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Format

journalArticle

Search for Full-text

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Pages

114067

Volume

615

ISSN

1096-0309 0003-2697

NEOMED College

NEOMED College of Pharmacy

NEOMED Department

Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences

Update Year & Number

January 2021 List

Citation

Arias-Alvarado A; Aghayev M; Ilchenko S; Rachdaoui N; Lepp J; Tsai T-H; Zhang G-F; Previs S; Kasumov T, “Measuring acetyl-coa and acetylated histone turnover in vivo: Effect of a high fat diet.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed March 1, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/11507.

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