Hepatocyte-specific expression of human carboxylesterase 2 attenuates nonalcoholic steatohepatitis in mice.

Title

Hepatocyte-specific expression of human carboxylesterase 2 attenuates nonalcoholic steatohepatitis in mice.

Creator

Xu Y;Pan X; Shuwei H;Zhu Y; Bawa FC;Li Y; Yin L; Zhang Y

Publisher

American Journal Of Physiology: Gastrointestinal & Liver Physiology

Date

2021
2021-02

Description

Human carboxylesterase 2 (CES2) has triacylglycerol hydrolase (TGH) activities and plays an important role in lipolysis. In this study, we aim to determine the role of human CES2 in the progression or reversal of steatohepatitis in diet-induced or genetically obese mice. High-fat/high-cholesterol/high-fructose (HFCF) diet-fed C57BL/6 mice or db/db mice were intravenously injected with an adeno-associated virus expressing human CES2 under the control of an albumin promoter. Human CES2 protected against HFCF diet-induced nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in C57BL/6J mice and reversed steatohepatitis in db/db mice. Human CES2 also improved glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity. Mechanistically, human CES2 reduced hepatic triglyceride (T) and free fatty acid (FFA) levels by inducing lipolysis and fatty acid oxidation and inhibiting lipogenesis via suppression of sterol regulatory element-binding protein 1. Furthermore, human CES2 overexpression improved mitochondrial respiration and glycolytic function, and inhibited gluconeogenesis, lipid peroxidation, apoptosis, and inflammation. Our data suggest that hepatocyte-specific expression of human CES2 prevents and reverses steatohepatitis. Targeting hepatic CES2 may be an attractive strategy for treatment of NAFLD. NEW & NOTEWORTHY Human CES2 attenuates high-fat/cholesterol/fructose diet-induced steatohepatitis and reverses steatohepatitis in db/db mice. Mechanistically, human CES2 induces lipolysis, fatty acid and glucose oxidation, and inhibits hepatic glucose production, inflammation, lipid oxidation, and apoptosis. Our data suggest that human CES2 may be targeted for treatment of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Subject

steatohepatitis; LABORATORY mice; FATTY liver; lipotoxicity; CES2; fatty acid oxidation; lipolysis; FATTY acid oxidation; INSULIN sensitivity; STEROL regulatory element-binding proteins

Format

journalArticle

URL Address

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Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

G166-G174

Issue

2

Volume

320

ISSN

1931857

NEOMED College

NEOMED College of Medicine

NEOMED Department

Department of Integrative Medical Sciences
NEOMED Postdoc Publications

Update Year & Number

March 2021 List

Citation

Xu Y;Pan X; Shuwei H;Zhu Y; Bawa FC;Li Y; Yin L; Zhang Y, “Hepatocyte-specific expression of human carboxylesterase 2 attenuates nonalcoholic steatohepatitis in mice.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed June 16, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/11594.

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