Protein kinase and phosphatase activity regulate the form of synaptic plasticity expressed.

Title

Protein kinase and phosphatase activity regulate the form of synaptic plasticity expressed.

Creator

Coussens C M; Teyler T J

Publisher

Synapse (New York, N.Y.)

Date

1996
1996-10

Description

Long-term potentiation (LTP) and long-term depression (LTD) are calcium-dependent forms of synaptic plasticity observed in area CA1 of the hippocampus. Low-frequency tetani (1-5 Hz) activates protein phosphatases to induce LTD, whereas high-frequency tetani (\textgreater 25 Hz) activates protein kinases to induce LTP. A tetanus at an intermediate frequency (10 Hz), however, does not result in a change in synaptic efficacy [Dudek and Bear, (1992), Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 89:4363-4367]. We hypothesized that the 10-Hz tetanus results in no long-term change in synaptic efficacy due to a balance of the activity of protein phosphatases and protein kinases. We manipulated protein kinase/phosphatase activity at a 10-Hz tetanus to test this hypothesis. A 10-Hz tetanus under normal conditions results in a transient depression which returns to baseline in 25 min. However, inhibiting kinase activity with the protein kinase inhibitor H-7, or decreasing extracellular calcium concentration, results in the 10-Hz tetanus, inducing LTD. Conversely, inhibiting phosphatase activity with the protein phosphatase inhibitor tautomycin, or increasing extracellular calcium concentration, results in the 10-Hz tetanus, inducing LTP. These results suggest that the relative balance of protein kinase and phosphatase activity (and/or the calcium levels activating them) determines the expression of specific forms of synaptic plasticity, and that these forms lie on a continuum.

Subject

Animals; Calcium/pharmacology; Neuronal Plasticity/*physiology; Phosphoric Monoester Hydrolases/*physiology; Protein Kinases/*physiology; Rats; Synaptic Transmission/drug effects/*physiology

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Citation

Coussens C M; Teyler T J, “Protein kinase and phosphatase activity regulate the form of synaptic plasticity expressed.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed April 13, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/2929.

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