A user's guide for the quantitative analysis of substrate characteristics and locomotor kinematics in free-ranging primates.

Title

A user's guide for the quantitative analysis of substrate characteristics and locomotor kinematics in free-ranging primates.

Creator

Dunham Noah T; McNamara Allison; Shapiro Liza; Hieronymus Tobin; Young Jesse W

Publisher

American journal of physical anthropology

Date

2018
2018-11

Description

OBJECTIVES: Laboratory studies have yielded important insights into primate locomotor mechanics. Nevertheless, laboratory studies fail to capture the range of ecological and structural variation encountered by free-ranging primates. We present techniques for collecting kinematic data on wild primates using consumer grade high-speed cameras and demonstrate novel methods for quantifying metric variation in arboreal substrates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: These methods were developed and applied to our research examining platyrrhine substrate use and locomotion at the Tiputini Biodiversity Station, Ecuador. Modified GoPro cameras equipped with varifocal zoom lenses provided high-resolution footage (1080 p.; 120 fps) suitable for digitizing gait events. We tested two methods for remotely measuring branch diameter: the parallel laser method and the distance meter photogrammetric method. A forestry-grade laser rangefinder was used to quantify substrate angle and a force gauge was used to measure substrate compliance. We also introduce GaitKeeper, a graphical user interface for MATLAB, designed for coding quadrupedal gait. RESULTS: Parallel laser and distance meter methods provided accurate estimations of substrate diameter (percent error: 3.1-4.5%). The laser rangefinder yielded accurate estimations of substrate orientation (mean error = 2.5 degrees ). Compliance values varied tremendously among substrates but were largely explained by substrate diameter, substrate length, and distance of measurement point from trunk. On average, larger primates used relatively small substrates and traveled higher in the canopy. DISCUSSION: Ultimately, these methods will help researchers identify more precisely how primate gait kinematics respond to the complexity of arboreal habitats, furthering our understanding of the adaptive context in which primate quadrupedalism evolved.

Subject

branch diameter; compliance; gait; orientation; quadrupedalism

Identifier

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

569–584

Issue

3

Volume

167

Citation

Dunham Noah T; McNamara Allison; Shapiro Liza; Hieronymus Tobin; Young Jesse W, “A user's guide for the quantitative analysis of substrate characteristics and locomotor kinematics in free-ranging primates.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed January 21, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/2957.

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