Review and experimental evaluation of the embryonic development and evolutionary history of flipper development and hyperphalangy in dolphins (Cetacea: Mammalia).

Title

Review and experimental evaluation of the embryonic development and evolutionary history of flipper development and hyperphalangy in dolphins (Cetacea: Mammalia).

Creator

Cooper Lisa Noelle; Sears Karen E; Armfield Brooke A; Kala Bhavneet; Hubler Merla; Thewissen J G M

Publisher

Genesis (New York, N.Y. : 2000)

Date

2018
2018-01

Description

Cetaceans are the only mammals to have evolved hyperphalangy, an increase in the number of phalanges beyond the mammalian plesiomorphic condition of three phalanges per digit. In this study, cetaceans were used as a novel model to review previous studies of mammalian hyperphalangy and contribute new experimental evidence as to the molecular origins of this phenotype in embryos of the pantropical spotted dolphin (Stenella attenuata). Results show embryos of dolphins, mice, and pigs share similar spatiotemporal patterns of signaling proteins known to shape limbs of mammals (e.g., FGF8, BMP2/4, WNT, GREM). However, fetal dolphins differ in that their interdigital tissues are retained, instead of undergoing apoptosis, and that multiple waves of interdigital signals likely contribute to the patterning of supernumerary joints and phalanges in adjacent digits. Integration of fossil and experimental evidence suggests that the presence of interdigital webbing within the fossils of semi-aquatic cetaceans, recovered from the Eocene Epoch (49Ma), was probably the result of

Subject

*Biological Evolution; *cetacea; *FGF; *flipper; *WNT; Animals; Body Patterning; Dolphins/*embryology; Extremities/*embryology; Mammals

Identifier

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Issue

1

Volume

56

Citation

Cooper Lisa Noelle; Sears Karen E; Armfield Brooke A; Kala Bhavneet; Hubler Merla; Thewissen J G M, “Review and experimental evaluation of the embryonic development and evolutionary history of flipper development and hyperphalangy in dolphins (Cetacea: Mammalia).,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed January 21, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/3001.

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