Regulation of cholesterol and bile acid homeostasis by the cholesterol 7alpha-hydroxylase/steroid response element-binding protein 2/microRNA-33a axis in mice.

Title

Regulation of cholesterol and bile acid homeostasis by the cholesterol 7alpha-hydroxylase/steroid response element-binding protein 2/microRNA-33a axis in mice.

Creator

Li Tiangang; Francl Jessica M; Boehme Shannon; Chiang John Y L

Publisher

Hepatology (Baltimore, Md.)

Date

2013
2013-09

Description

UNLABELLED: Bile acid synthesis not only produces physiological detergents required for intestinal nutrient absorption, but also plays a critical role in regulating hepatic and whole-body metabolic homeostasis. We recently reported that overexpression of cholesterol 7alpha-hydroxylase (CYP7A1) in the liver resulted in improved metabolic homeostasis in Cyp7a1 transgenic (Cyp7a1-tg) mice. This study further investigated the molecular links between bile acid metabolism and lipid homeostasis. Microarray gene profiling revealed that CYP7A1 overexpression led to marked activation of the steroid response element-binding protein 2 (SREBP2)-regulated cholesterol metabolic network and absence of bile acid repression of lipogenic gene expression in livers of Cyp7a1-tg mice. Interestingly, Cyp7a1-tg mice showed significantly elevated hepatic cholesterol synthesis rates, but reduced hepatic fatty acid synthesis rates, which was accompanied by increased (14) C-glucose-derived acetyl-coenzyme A incorporation into sterols for fecal excretion. Induction of SREBP2 also coinduces intronic microRNA-33a (miR-33a) in the SREBP2 gene in Cyp7a1-tg mice. Overexpression of miR-33a in the liver resulted in decreased bile acid pool, increased hepatic cholesterol content, and lowered serum cholesterol in mice. CONCLUSION: This study suggests that a CYP7A1/SREBP2/miR-33a axis plays a critical role in regulation of hepatic cholesterol, bile acid, and fatty acid synthesis. Antagonism of miR-33a may be a potential strategy to increase bile acid synthesis to maintain lipid homeostasis and prevent nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, diabetes, and obesity.

Subject

Acetyl Coenzyme A/metabolism; Animal; Animals; Bile Acids and Salts/*metabolism; Cholesterol 7-alpha-Hydroxylase/genetics/*metabolism; Cholesterol/*metabolism; Homeostasis/*physiology; Knockout; Lipid Metabolism/physiology; Liver/metabolism; Male; Messenger/metabolism; Mice; MicroRNAs/*metabolism; Models; RNA; Signal Transduction/*physiology; Sterol Regulatory Element Binding Protein 2/*metabolism; Transgenic

Identifier

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

1111–1121

Issue

3

Volume

58

Citation

Li Tiangang; Francl Jessica M; Boehme Shannon; Chiang John Y L, “Regulation of cholesterol and bile acid homeostasis by the cholesterol 7alpha-hydroxylase/steroid response element-binding protein 2/microRNA-33a axis in mice.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed January 21, 2022, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/3011.

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