Carboxylesterase 2 prevents liver steatosis by modulating lipolysis, endoplasmic reticulum stress, and lipogenesis and is regulated by hepatocyte nuclear factor 4 alpha in mice.

Title

Carboxylesterase 2 prevents liver steatosis by modulating lipolysis, endoplasmic reticulum stress, and lipogenesis and is regulated by hepatocyte nuclear factor 4 alpha in mice.

Creator

Li Yuanyuan; Zalzala Munaf; Jadhav Kavita; Xu Yang; Kasumov Takhar; Yin Liya; Zhang Yanqiao

Publisher

Hepatology (Baltimore, Md.)

Date

2016
2016-06

Description

UNLABELLED: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a common liver disease that ranges from simple steatosis to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). So far, the underlying mechanism remains poorly understood. Here, we show that hepatic carboxylesterase 2 (CES2) is markedly reduced in NASH patients, diabetic db/db mice, and high-fat diet (HFD)-fed mice. Restoration of hepatic CES2 expression in db/db or HFD-fed mice markedly ameliorates liver steatosis and insulin resistance. In contrast, knockdown of hepatic CES2 causes liver steatosis and damage in chow- or Western diet-fed C57BL/6 mice. Mechanistically, we demonstrate that CES2 has triglyceride hydrolase activity. As a result, gain of hepatic CES2 function increases fatty acid oxidation and inhibits lipogenesis, whereas loss of hepatic CES2 stimulates lipogenesis by inducing endoplasmic reticulum stress. We further show that loss of hepatic CES2 stimulates lipogenesis in a sterol regulatory element-binding protein 1 (SREBP-1)-dependent manner. Finally, we show that hepatocyte nuclear factor 4 alpha (HNF-4alpha) plays a key role in controlling hepatic CES2 expression in diabetes, obesity, or NASH. CONCLUSION: CES2 plays a protective role in development of NAFLD. Targeting the

Subject

*Lipid Metabolism; Adiposity; Animals; Carboxylesterase/*metabolism; Carboxylic Ester Hydrolases/genetics/*metabolism; Diabetes Mellitus; Diet; Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress; Energy Metabolism; Experimental/enzymology; Gene Knockdown Techniques; Glucose Tolerance Test; Glucose/metabolism; Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 4/*metabolism; High-Fat/adverse effects; Homeostasis; Humans; Inbred C57BL; Lipogenesis; Lipolysis; Liver/enzymology; Male; Mice; Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/*etiology/metabolism; Obesity/enzymology/etiology; Sterol Regulatory Element Binding Protein 1/metabolism

Identifier

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

1860–1874

Issue

6

Volume

63

Citation

Li Yuanyuan; Zalzala Munaf; Jadhav Kavita; Xu Yang; Kasumov Takhar; Yin Liya; Zhang Yanqiao, “Carboxylesterase 2 prevents liver steatosis by modulating lipolysis, endoplasmic reticulum stress, and lipogenesis and is regulated by hepatocyte nuclear factor 4 alpha in mice.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed January 20, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/3016.

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