Effect of estrogen upon methamphetamine-induced neurotoxicity within the impaired nigrostriatal dopaminergic system.

Title

Effect of estrogen upon methamphetamine-induced neurotoxicity within the impaired nigrostriatal dopaminergic system.

Creator

Liu Bin; Dluzen Dean E

Publisher

Synapse (New York, N.Y.)

Date

2006
2006-10

Description

In the present study, we investigated whether estrogen remains effective as a neuroprotectant within an impaired nigrostriatal dopaminergic (NSDA) system of gonadectomized female and male mice. In Experiment 1, mice were treated with four different regimens of methamphetamine (MA) to establish a protocol for an impaired NSDA system to be used in subsequent experiments. Based upon the results of Experiment 1, in Experiment 2 gonadectomized female mice received a treatment with either control (saline), low- or high-dose of MA to produce an initial NSDA impairment. At one week post-MA, mice received either estradiol benzoate (10 microg) or vehicle followed 24 h later with low-MA or saline. Estrogen altered the toxic effects of the second invasion of MA as indicated by a significant decrease in striatal dopamine (DA) and 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC) concentrations. In addition, DA and DOPAC depletion was greater in high- vs. low-dose MA. In gonadectomized male mice (Experiment 3), striatal DA and DOPAC concentrations showed greater decreases following high-, vs. low-doses of MA; however, estrogen did not alter these responses. These results demonstrate that the capacity for estrogen to protect or worsen MA-induced neurotoxicity of dopaminergic neurons is limited to female mice and depends on the condition of the NSDA system.

Subject

3; 4-Dihydroxyphenylacetic Acid/metabolism; Adrenergic Uptake Inhibitors/antagonists & inhibitors/toxicity; Animal; Animals; Corpus Striatum/*drug effects/metabolism/physiopathology; Disease Models; Dopamine/metabolism; Estrogens/metabolism/*pharmacology/therapeutic use; Female; Male; Methamphetamine/*antagonists & inhibitors/toxicity; Mice; Nerve Degeneration/chemically induced/*drug therapy/prevention & control; Neural Pathways/drug effects/metabolism/physiopathology; Neuroprotective Agents/metabolism/*pharmacology/therapeutic use; Neurotoxins/antagonists & inhibitors/toxicity; Orchiectomy; Ovariectomy; Parkinsonian Disorders/*drug therapy/physiopathology/prevention & control; Substantia Nigra/*drug effects/metabolism/physiopathology

Identifier

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

354–361

Issue

5

Volume

60

Citation

Liu Bin; Dluzen Dean E, “Effect of estrogen upon methamphetamine-induced neurotoxicity within the impaired nigrostriatal dopaminergic system.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed September 28, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/3089.

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