LVC Timing in Infant Pig Swallowing and the Effect of Safe Swallowing.


LVC Timing in Infant Pig Swallowing and the Effect of Safe Swallowing.


Gross Andrew; Ohlemacher Jocelyn; German Rebecca; Gould Francois






Recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) injury in neonates, a complication of head and neck surgeries, leads to increased aspiration risk and swallowing dysfunction. The severity of resulting sequelae range from morbidity, such as aspiration pneumonia, to mortality from infection and failure to thrive. The timing of airway protective events including laryngeal vestibule closure (LVC) is implicated in aspiration. We unilaterally transected the RLN in an infant pig model to observe changes in the timing of swallowing kinematics with lesion and aspiration. We recorded swallows using high-speed video-fluoroscopic swallow studies (VFSS) and scored them using the Infant Mammalian Penetration and Aspiration Scale (IMPAS). We hypothesized that changes would occur in swallowing kinematics (1) between RLN lesion and control animals, and (2) among safe swallows (IMPAS 1), penetration swallows (IMPAS 3), and aspiration swallows (IMPAS 7). We observed numerous changes in timing following RLN lesion in safe and unsafe swallows, suggesting pervasive changes in the coordination of oropharyngeal function. The timing of LVC, posterior tongue, and hyoid movements differed between pre- and post-lesion in safe swallows. Posterior tongue kinematics differed for post-lesion swallows with penetration. The timing and duration of LVC and posterior tongue movement differed between aspiration swallows pre- and post-lesion. After lesion, safe swallows and swallows with aspiration differed in timing of LVC, laryngeal vestibule opening, and posterior tongue and hyoid movements. The timing of thyrohyoid muscle activity varied with IMPAS, but not lesion. Further study into the pathophysiology of RLN lesion-induced swallowing dysfunction is important to developing novel therapies.


*Animal model; *Aspiration; *Deglutition; *Deglutition disorders; *Dysphagia; *Infant; *Laryngeal vestibule closure; *Recurrent laryngeal nerve; Animal; Animal Population Groups; Animals; Aspiration – Etiology; Aspiration/*etiology; Biological; Deglutition – Physiology; Deglutition Disorders – Etiology; Deglutition Disorders/*etiology; Deglutition/*physiology; Disease Models; Humans; Laryngeal Nerve Injuries/*complications; Laryngeal Nerves – Injuries; Larynx; Models; Newborn; Oropharynx; Pneumonia; Questionnaires; Swine


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Gross Andrew; Ohlemacher Jocelyn; German Rebecca; Gould Francois, “LVC Timing in Infant Pig Swallowing and the Effect of Safe Swallowing.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed July 14, 2024,