Prediction of cardiac death in patients with a very low ejection fraction after myocardial infarction: a Cardiac Arrhythmia Suppression Trial (CAST) study.

Title

Prediction of cardiac death in patients with a very low ejection fraction after myocardial infarction: a Cardiac Arrhythmia Suppression Trial (CAST) study.

Creator

Josephson R A; Chahine R A; Morganroth J; Anderson J; Waldo A; Hallstrom A

Publisher

American heart journal

Date

1995
1995-10

Description

The Cardiac Arrhythmia Suppression Trial (CAST) database was analyzed with a Cox proportional hazards regression model to predict the mortality of patients with very poor left ventricular systolic function (ejection fraction \textless or = .20). Predictors of total death or cardiac arrest were (relative risk), QRS duration (1.10/10 msec increase), coronary artery bypass grafting (0.38), basal heart rate (1.26/10 min-1 increase), diastolic blood pressure (0.79/10 mm Hg increase), diabetes mellitus (1.59), EF (0.94/1 U increase), and ease of suppression (the ability to suppress ambient ventricular ectopy on the lowest dose of the first randomly chosen CAST drug) (0.64). Predictors of arrhythmic death or arrhythmic cardiac arrest included thrombolysis (0.44), coronary artery bypass grafting (0.38), diuretic use (1.71), heart rate (1.21/10 min-1 increase), calcium channel blocker use (1.69), and QRS duration (1.10/10 msec increase). Thus easily measurable clinical and laboratory variables help predict prognosis in this clinically important subgroup. The pathophysiologic basis for and the clinical implications of the ease of ventricular arrhythmia suppression correlating with prognosis requires further study.

Subject

*Stroke Volume; Blood Pressure; Heart Arrest/mortality; Heart Rate; Humans; Left/*mortality/physiopathology; Multicenter Studies as Topic; Myocardial Infarction/drug therapy/*mortality/physiopathology; Prognosis; Proportional Hazards Models; Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic; Risk Factors; Thrombolytic Therapy; Ventricular Dysfunction

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

685–691

Issue

4

Volume

130

Citation

Josephson R A; Chahine R A; Morganroth J; Anderson J; Waldo A; Hallstrom A, “Prediction of cardiac death in patients with a very low ejection fraction after myocardial infarction: a Cardiac Arrhythmia Suppression Trial (CAST) study.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed March 5, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/3280.

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