Effect of altering dopamine or serotonin neurotransmitters upon cathinone discrimination.

Title

Effect of altering dopamine or serotonin neurotransmitters upon cathinone discrimination.

Creator

Schechter M D

Publisher

Pharmacology, biochemistry, and behavior

Date

1992
1992-01

Description

Rats were trained to discriminate between the stimulus properties of 0.8 mg/kg l-cathinone and its vehicle in a two-lever, food-motivated operant task. Once trained, rats showed a dose-related decrease in discriminative performance when tested with lower cathinone doses. An analysis of the dose-response curve indicated an ED50 value of 0.23 mg/kg. Pretreatment with CGS 10746B (5-20 mg/kg) resulted in a dose-related decrease in cathinone discrimination with the highest dose blocking cathinone discrimination. In contrast to the ability of this dopamine release inhibitor to decrease cathinone discrimination, pretreatment with three doses of the calcium channel blocker isradipine (2.5-10 mg/kg) or with the 5-HT3 antagonist MDL 72222 (0.1-0.4 mg/kg) had no effect upon cathinone discrimination. The results suggest that cathinone controls differential responding in a discriminative stimulus task by a mechanism involving presynaptic release of dopamine, which may not be regulated by either neuronal calcium influx through L-type calcium channels or by serotonergic neurons.

Subject

Alkaloids/*pharmacology; Animals; Antipsychotic Agents/pharmacology; Calcium Channel Blockers/pharmacology; Dihydropyridines/pharmacology; Discrimination (Psychology)/*drug effects; Discrimination Learning/drug effects; Dopamine/*physiology; Dose-Response Relationship; Drug; Inbred Strains; Isradipine; Male; Neurotransmitter Agents/*physiology; Psychotropic Drugs/*pharmacology; Rats; Serotonin Antagonists/pharmacology; Serotonin/*physiology; Thiazepines/pharmacology; Tropanes/pharmacology

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

37–41

Issue

1

Volume

41

Citation

Schechter M D, “Effect of altering dopamine or serotonin neurotransmitters upon cathinone discrimination.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed October 25, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/3322.

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