Orthosilicic acid, Si(OH)4, stimulates osteoblast differentiation in vitro by upregulating miR-146a to antagonize NF-kappaB activation.

Title

Orthosilicic acid, Si(OH)4, stimulates osteoblast differentiation in vitro by upregulating miR-146a to antagonize NF-kappaB activation.

Creator

Zhou Xianfeng; Moussa Fouad M; Mankoci Steven; Ustriyana Putu; Zhang Nianli; Abdelmagid Samir; Molenda Jim; Murphy William L; Safadi Fayez F; Sahai Nita

Publisher

Acta biomaterialia

Date

2016
2016-07

Description

UNLABELLED: Accumulating evidence over the last 40years suggests that silicate from dietary as well as silicate-containing biomaterials is beneficial to bone formation. However, the exact biological role(s) of silicate on bone cells are still unclear and controversial. Here, we report that orthosilicic acid (Si(OH)4) stimulated human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) osteoblastic differentiation in vitro. To elucidate the possible molecular mechanisms, differential microRNA microarray analysis was used to show that Si(OH)4 significantly up-regulated microRNA-146a (miR-146a) expression during hMSC osteogenic differentiation. Si(OH)4 induced miR-146a expression profiling was further validated by quantitative RT-PCR (qRT-PCR), which indicated miR-146a was up-regulated during the late stages of hMSC osteogenic differentiation. Inhibition of miR-146a function by anti-miR-146a suppressed osteogenic differentiation of MC3T3 pre-osteoblasts, whereas Si(OH)4 treatment promoted osteoblast-specific genes transcription, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) production, and mineralization. Furthermore, luciferase reporter assay, Western blotting, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and immunofluorescence showed that Si(OH)4 decreased TNFalpha-induced activation of NF-kappaB, a signal transduction pathway that inhibits osteoblastic bone formation, through the known miR-146a negative feedback loop. Our studies established a mechanism for Si(OH)4 to promote osteogenesis by antagonizing NF-kappaB activation via miR-146a, which might be interesting to guide the design of osteo-inductive biomaterials for treatments of bone defects in humans. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: Accumulating evidence over 40years suggests that silicate is beneficial to bone formation. However, the biological role(s) of silicate on bone cells are still unclear and controversial. Here, we report that Si(OH)4, the simplest form of silicate, can stimulate human mesenchymal stem cells osteoblastic differentiation. We identified that miR-146a is the expression signature in bone cells treated with Si(OH)4. Further analysis of miR-146a in bone cells reveals that Si(OH)4 upregulates miR-146a to antagonize the activation of NF-kappaB. Si(OH)4 was also shown to deactivate the same

Subject

*microRNA; *NF-kappaB; *Osteoblastic differentiation; *Osteoclastic differentiation; *Silicic acid; Animals; Cell Differentiation/*drug effects; Humans; Mesenchymal Stem Cells/*metabolism; Mice; MicroRNAs/*biosynthesis; NF-kappa B/*metabolism; Osteoblasts/*metabolism; Osteogenesis/drug effects; RAW 264.7 Cells; Silicic Acid/*pharmacology

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

192–202

Volume

39

Citation

Zhou Xianfeng; Moussa Fouad M; Mankoci Steven; Ustriyana Putu; Zhang Nianli; Abdelmagid Samir; Molenda Jim; Murphy William L; Safadi Fayez F; Sahai Nita, “Orthosilicic acid, Si(OH)4, stimulates osteoblast differentiation in vitro by upregulating miR-146a to antagonize NF-kappaB activation.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed June 20, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/3400.

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