Weakness and fatigue in older ED patients in the United States.

Title

Weakness and fatigue in older ED patients in the United States.

Creator

Bhalla Mary Colleen; Wilber Scott T; Stiffler Kirk A; Ondrejka Jason E; Gerson Lowell W

Publisher

The American journal of emergency medicine

Date

2014
2014-11

Description

BACKGROUND: The objectives of this study are to estimate the prevalence of weakness and fatigue visits in older emergency department (ED) patients, to compare demographics and resource use in these patients with those without these complaints, and to determine their ED diagnoses and disposition. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional cohort analysis of ED visits in patients aged older than 65 years from the 2003 to 2007 National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Surveys. Weakness and fatigue visits had a reason for visit code of generalized weakness (1020.0) or tiredness and exhaustion (1015.0); the comparison cohort lacked these codes. Descriptive data are presented as totals, means, and proportions with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Comparisons between cohorts used chi(2) for proportions and the adjusted Wald test for means. RESULTS: There were an estimated 575 million ED visits, those aged 65 years and older made 14.7% (95% CI, 14.2-15.3) of visits. Overall, 6.0% (95% CI, 5.6-6.4) of these visits had weakness and fatigue; this was the fifth most common primary reason for visit. Weakness and fatigue visits increased with age. Weakness and fatigue visits had longer ED lengths of stay (300 vs 249 minutes, P \textless .001), more diagnostic tests (7.7 vs 5.0, P \textless .001), procedures (5.7 vs 4.7, P \textless .001), and hospital admissions (55% vs 35%, P \textless .001). The most common primary diagnoses for the weakness and fatigue cohort were "other malaise and fatigue," pneumonia, and urinary tract infection. CONCLUSION: Weakness and fatigue are common in older ED patients. These patients undergo more tests and procedures, and most are admitted.

Subject

80 and over; 80 and Over; Aged; Cross Sectional Studies; Cross-Sectional Studies; Demography; Fatigue – Diagnosis; Fatigue – Epidemiology; Fatigue/diagnosis/*epidemiology; Female; Health Care Surveys; Human; Humans; Male; Muscle Weakness – Diagnosis; Muscle Weakness – Epidemiology; Muscle Weakness/diagnosis/*epidemiology; Prevalence; Surveys; United States; United States/epidemiology

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

1395–1398

Issue

11

Volume

32

Citation

Bhalla Mary Colleen; Wilber Scott T; Stiffler Kirk A; Ondrejka Jason E; Gerson Lowell W, “Weakness and fatigue in older ED patients in the United States.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed May 9, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/3406.

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