Randomized controlled trial of a scoring aid to improve Glasgow Coma Scale scoring by emergency medical services providers.

Title

Randomized controlled trial of a scoring aid to improve Glasgow Coma Scale scoring by emergency medical services providers.

Creator

Feldman Amanda; Hart Kimberly W; Lindsell Christopher J; McMullan Jason T

Publisher

Annals of emergency medicine

Date

2015
2015-03

Description

STUDY OBJECTIVE: Emergency medical services (EMS) personnel frequently use the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) to assess injured and critically ill patients. This study assesses the accuracy of EMS providers' GCS scoring, as well as the improvement in GCS score assessment with the use of a scoring aid. METHODS: This randomized, controlled study was conducted in the emergency department (ED) of an urban academic trauma center. Emergency medical technicians or paramedics who transported a patient to the ED were randomly assigned one of 9 written scenarios, either with or without a GCS scoring aid. Scenarios were created by consensus of expert attending emergency medicine, EMS, and neurocritical care physicians, with universal consensus agreement on GCS scores. chi(2) And Student's t tests were used to compare groups. RESULTS: Of 180 participants, 178 completed the study. Overall, 73 of 178 participants (41%) gave a GCS score that matched the expert consensus score. GCS score was correct in 22 of 88 (25%) cases without the scoring aid. GCS was correct in 51 of 90 (57%) cases with the scoring aid. Most (69%) of the total GCS scores fell within 1 point of the expert consensus GCS score. Differences in accuracy were most pronounced in scenarios with a correct GCS score of 12 or below. Subcomponent accuracy was eye 62%, verbal 70%, and motor 51%. CONCLUSION: In this study, 60% of EMS participants provided inaccurate GCS score estimates. Use of a GCS scoring aid improved accuracy of EMS GCS score assessments.

Subject

*Emergency Service; *Glasgow Coma Scale/standards; Adult; Brain Injuries/diagnosis; Decision Support Techniques; Emergency Medical Technicians/standards; Hospital/standards; Humans

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

325–329.e2

Issue

3

Volume

65

Citation

Feldman Amanda; Hart Kimberly W; Lindsell Christopher J; McMullan Jason T, “Randomized controlled trial of a scoring aid to improve Glasgow Coma Scale scoring by emergency medical services providers.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed May 26, 2022, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/3463.

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