The effect of a 12-month longitudinal long-term care rotation on knowledge and attitudes of internal medicine residents about geriatrics.

Title

The effect of a 12-month longitudinal long-term care rotation on knowledge and attitudes of internal medicine residents about geriatrics.

Creator

Baum Elizabeth E; Nelson Karl M

Publisher

Journal of the American Medical Directors Association

Date

2007
2007-02

Description

OBJECTIVE: To determine if participation in a 12-month longitudinal long-term care (LTC) rotation resulted in improved knowledge and attitudes about geriatrics. DESIGN: Longitudinal study with paired measurements. SETTING: A community LTC facility and a university-affiliated, community-based internal medicine residency program. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-seven internal medicine residents who participated in the rotation from 1997 through 2004. INTERVENTION: The internal medicine residents attended nursing home (NH) rounds one half day per month for 1 year, during which time they participated in a case-based interactive lecture on a core geriatric topic and rounded on their assigned patients. MEASUREMENTS: Knowledge was assessed using a 70-item test. Attitudes were evaluated with a 28-item, 5-point Likert scale (1 = least positive, 5 = most positive). RESULTS: The percent correct responses on geriatric knowledge pretest was 47% (95% CI = 45.2% to 48.8%) and on the posttest it was 57.5% (95% CI = 55.3% to 59.6%) (t = 8.180, df = 67, P \textless .001). The pretest total attitude score was 3.6 (95% CI = 3.6 to 3.7), with a posttest score of 3.7 (95% CI = 3.7 to 3.8) (P \textless .001). The difference in this total was accounted for mainly by the significant changes in the attitude subscales in educational preparation (pretest 3.6 [95% CI = 3.5 to 3.8]; posttest 3.8 [95% CI = 3.7 to 3.9] [P \textless .001]), general attitudes (pretest 4.0 [95% CI = 3.9 to 4.1]; posttest 4.2 [95% CI = 4.0 to 4.3] [P = .006]), and therapeutic potential (pretest 3.7 [95% CI = 3.5 to 3.8]; posttest 3.8 [95% CI = 3.7 to 3.9] [P = .048]). CONCLUSION: A longitudinal LTC rotation is an efficient and effective way to systematically provide internal medicine residents their core knowledge and experience in geriatrics.

Subject

*Attitude of Health Personnel; Aged; Attitudes; Clinical Competence/*standards; Cost-Benefit Analysis; Curriculum; Education; Educational Measurement; Efficiency; Geriatric Assessment; Geriatrics/*education; Graduate/organization & administration; Guidelines as Topic; Health Knowledge; Health Services Needs and Demand; Humans; Internal Medicine/*education; Internship and Residency/*organization & administration; Long-Term Care/*organization & administration; Longitudinal Studies; Medical; Nursing Homes; Ohio; Organizational; Practice; Program Evaluation; Self Efficacy; Surveys and Questionnaires

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

105–109

Issue

2

Volume

8

Citation

Baum Elizabeth E; Nelson Karl M, “The effect of a 12-month longitudinal long-term care rotation on knowledge and attitudes of internal medicine residents about geriatrics.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed September 21, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/3636.

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