PTSD symptom severity and psychiatric comorbidity in recent motor vehicle accident victims: a latent class analysis.

Title

PTSD symptom severity and psychiatric comorbidity in recent motor vehicle accident victims: a latent class analysis.

Creator

Hruska Bryce; Irish Leah A; Pacella Maria L; Sledjeski Eve M; Delahanty Douglas L

Publisher

Journal of anxiety disorders

Date

2014
2014-10

Description

We conducted a latent class analysis (LCA) on 249 recent motor vehicle accident (MVA) victims to examine subgroups that differed in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom severity, current major depressive disorder and alcohol/other drug use disorders (MDD/AoDs), gender, and interpersonal trauma history 6-weeks post-MVA. A 4-class model best fit the data with a resilient class displaying asymptomatic PTSD symptom levels/low levels of comorbid disorders; a mild psychopathology class displaying mild PTSD symptom severity and current MDD; a moderate psychopathology class displaying severe PTSD symptom severity and current MDD/AoDs; and a severe psychopathology class displaying extreme PTSD symptom severity and current MDD. Classes also differed with respect to gender composition and history of interpersonal trauma experience. These findings may aid in the development of targeted interventions for recent MVA victims through the identification of subgroups distinguished by different patterns of psychiatric problems experienced 6-weeks post-MVA.

Subject

80 and over; Accidents; Adolescent; Adult; Aged; Alcoholism/alcohol use disorder; Depression; Depressive Disorder; Female; Humans; Intervention; Major/diagnosis/etiology; Male; Middle Aged; Motor Vehicles; Post-Traumatic/diagnosis/*etiology; PTSD/posttraumatic stress disorder; Stress Disorders; Substance use disorder; Substance-Related Disorders/etiology; Traffic/*psychology; Trauma; Young Adult

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

644–649

Issue

7

Volume

28

Citation

Hruska Bryce; Irish Leah A; Pacella Maria L; Sledjeski Eve M; Delahanty Douglas L, “PTSD symptom severity and psychiatric comorbidity in recent motor vehicle accident victims: a latent class analysis.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed May 14, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/3637.

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