Timing of sound-evoked potentials and spike responses in the inferior colliculus of awake bats.

Title

Timing of sound-evoked potentials and spike responses in the inferior colliculus of awake bats.

Creator

Voytenko S V; Galazyuk A V

Publisher

Neuroscience

Date

2008
2008-08

Description

Neurons in the inferior colliculus (IC), one of the major integrative centers of the auditory system, process acoustic information converging from almost all nuclei of the auditory brain stem. During this integration, excitatory and inhibitory inputs arrive to auditory neurons at different time delays. Result of this integration determines timing of IC neuron firing. In the mammalian IC, the range of the first spike latencies is very large (5-50 ms). At present, a contribution of excitatory and inhibitory inputs in controlling neurons' firing in the IC is still under debate. In the present study we assess the role of excitation and inhibition in determining first spike response latency in the IC. Postsynaptic responses were recorded to pure tones presented at neuron's characteristic frequency or to downward frequency modulated sweeps in awake bats. There are three main results emerging from the present study: (1) the most common response pattern in the IC is hyperpolarization followed by depolarization followed by hyperpolarization, (2) latencies of depolarizing or hyperpolarizing responses to tonal stimuli are short (3-7 ms) whereas the first spike latencies may vary to a great extent (4-26 ms) from one neuron to another, and (3) high threshold hyperpolarization preceded long latency spikes in IC neurons exhibiting paradoxical latency shift. Our data also show that the onset hyperpolarizing potentials in the IC have very small jitter (\textless100 micros) across repeated stimulus presentations. The results of this study suggest that inhibition, arriving earlier than excitation, may play a role as a mechanism for delaying the first spike latency in IC neurons.

Subject

*Wakefulness; Acoustic Stimulation; Action Potentials/*physiology; Animals; Auditory Perception; Auditory/*physiology; Chiroptera/physiology; Electroencephalography; Evoked Potentials; Functional Laterality/physiology; Inferior Colliculi/*cytology; Neural Inhibition/physiology; Neurons/*physiology; Psychoacoustics; Reaction Time/*physiology/radiation effects

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

923–936

Issue

3

Volume

155

Citation

Voytenko S V; Galazyuk A V, “Timing of sound-evoked potentials and spike responses in the inferior colliculus of awake bats.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed June 21, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/3733.

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