Resveratrol inhibition of herpes simplex virus replication.

Title

Resveratrol inhibition of herpes simplex virus replication.

Creator

Docherty J J; Fu M M; Stiffler B S; Limperos R J; Pokabla C M; DeLucia A L

Publisher

Antiviral research

Date

1999
1999-10

Description

Resveratrol, a phytoalexin, was found to inhibit herpes simplex virus types 1 and 2 (HSV-1 and HSV-2) replication in a dose-dependent, reversible manner. The observed reduction in virus yield was not caused by the direct inactivation of HSV by resveratrol nor inhibition of virus attachment to the cell. The chemical did, however, target an early event in the virus replication cycle since it was most effective when added within 1 h of cell infection, less effective if addition was delayed until 6 h post-infection and not effective if added 9 h post-infection. Resveratrol was also found to delay the cell cycle at S-G2-M interphase, inhibit reactivation of virus from latently-infected neurons and reduce the amount of ICP-4, a major immediate early viral regulatory protein, that is produced when compared to controls. These results suggest that a critical early event in the viral replication cycle, that has a compensatory cellular counterpart, is being adversely affected.

Subject

Animals; Antiviral Agents/*pharmacology/toxicity; Cell Cycle/drug effects; Cell Line; Cercopithecus aethiops; Herpesvirus 1; Herpesvirus 2; Human/*drug effects/physiology; Humans; Immediate-Early Proteins/antagonists & inhibitors/biosynthesis; Mice; Resveratrol; Stilbenes/*pharmacology/toxicity; Vero Cells; Virus Latency/drug effects/physiology; Virus Replication/*drug effects/physiology

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

145–155

Issue

3

Volume

43

Citation

Docherty J J; Fu M M; Stiffler B S; Limperos R J; Pokabla C M; DeLucia A L, “Resveratrol inhibition of herpes simplex virus replication.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed August 3, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/3888.

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