Modulation of olfactory bulb tyrosine hydroxylase and catecholamine transporter mRNA by estrogen.

Title

Modulation of olfactory bulb tyrosine hydroxylase and catecholamine transporter mRNA by estrogen.

Creator

Dluzen Dean E; Park June-Hee; Kim Kyungjin

Publisher

Brain research. Molecular brain research

Date

2002
2002-12

Description

Since estrogen exerts wide ranging effects within the central nervous system, it is important to investigate the sites and actions of this gonadal steroid hormone at extra-hypothalamic locations. In the present report, the effects of estrogen upon catecholaminergic function within the olfactory bulb were examined. To assess the role of estrogen at this site, ovariectomized mice received either no further hormonal treatment or were treated with estrogen, the anti-estrogen, tamoxifen, or a combination of estrogen and tamoxifen as administered in a 21-day release pellet. At 14 days post-hormonal treatment, the olfactory bulbs were assayed for mRNA levels of tyrosine hydroxylase, dopamine transporter and norepinephrine transporter using competitive-PCR. Tyrosine hydroxylase mRNA levels in either estrogen or estrogen+tamoxifen treated females were significantly decreased compared with non-hormonally treated controls. In addition, tyrosine hydroxylase mRNA levels of tamoxifen-treated mice were significantly greater than that of estrogen-treated mice. Dopamine transporter mRNA levels of tamoxifen-treated females were significantly greater than that of non-hormonally treated controls and estrogen treated mice. The combination of estrogen+tamoxifen significantly increased dopamine transporter mRNA levels compared to that of estrogen treated mice. No overall statistically significant differences in norepinephrine transporter mRNA levels were obtained among the four treatment groups. The data demonstrate that estrogen can exert significant modulatory effects upon olfactory bulb catecholaminergic function. Therefore, events which alter estrogen levels (menstrual/estrogen cycle, pregnancy/lactation, menopause, tamoxifen treatment) can modulate olfactory bulb catecholaminergic functions which may be involved with the detection and processing of olfactory stimuli.

Subject

*Membrane Glycoproteins; *Nerve Tissue Proteins; Animals; Delayed-Action Preparations; Dopamine Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins; Drug Combinations; Estrogen Antagonists/administration & dosage; Estrogens/administration & dosage/*pharmacology; Female; Inbred Strains; Membrane Transport Proteins/*genetics/metabolism; Messenger/*metabolism; Mice; Molecular Sequence Data; Norepinephrine Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins; Olfactory Bulb/*drug effects/enzymology/*physiology; Ovariectomy; Rats; RNA; Symporters/*genetics/metabolism; Tyrosine 3-Monooxygenase/*genetics/metabolism

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

121–128

Issue

1

Volume

108

Citation

Dluzen Dean E; Park June-Hee; Kim Kyungjin, “Modulation of olfactory bulb tyrosine hydroxylase and catecholamine transporter mRNA by estrogen.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed October 28, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/3893.

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