Distribution and origin of secretoneurin-immunoreactive nerves in the female rat uterus.


Distribution and origin of secretoneurin-immunoreactive nerves in the female rat uterus.


Collins J J; Wilson K; Fischer-Colbrie R; Papka R E






Secretoneurin is a 33-amino acid peptide derived from secretogranin II. Secretoneurin immunoreactivity has been localized in the peripheral nervous system where it exerts potent chemotactic activity for monocytes and may play a role in inflammation. Secretoneurin could play a role in this process, although the presence and distribution of secretoneurin-immunoreactive neurons in the female reproductive system has not been documented. Thus, this study was undertaken to examine secretoneurin immunoreactivity in nerves of the rat uterus and uterine cervix. A moderate plexus of secretoneurin-immunoreactive nerve fibers was present in the myometrium and endometrium of the uterus as well as in the smooth muscle and endocervix of the cervix. Many of these fibers were associated with the vasculature as well as the myometrium. Secretoneurin immunoreactivity was present in small- to medium-sized neurons of dorsal root and nodose ganglia. Retrograde tracing with FluoroGold indicated that some of these sensory neurons project axons to the cervix and uterine horns. Secretoneurin-immunoreactive terminal-like structures were associated with neurons in the sacral parasympathetic nucleus of the lumbosacral spinal cord. In addition, some secretoneurin terminals were apposed to pelvic parasympathetic neurons in the paracervical ganglia that projected axons to the uterus and cervix. Double-immunostaining indicated co-existence of calcitonin gene-related peptide or substance P with secretoneurin in some sensory neurons, in some terminals of the pelvic ganglia, as well as nerve fibers in the uterine horn and cervix. Finally, fibers in the uterus and cervix were depleted of secretoneurin by capsaicin treatment. This study indicates that secretoneurin is present in the uterus in C-afferent nerve fibers whose cell bodies are located in sensory ganglia. Some of these fibers contain both secretoneurin and calcitonin gene-related peptide or substance P. These substances have functions in inflammatory reactions. Further, secretoneurin could influence postganglionic parasympathetic "uterine-related" neurons in the pelvic ganglia and preganglionic parasympathetic neurons in the lumbosacral spinal cord.


Animals; Cervix Uteri/innervation/metabolism; Female; Fluorescent Antibody Technique; Ganglia; Ganglia/metabolism; Lumbosacral Region; Nervous System/metabolism; Neuropeptides/*metabolism; Pelvis/innervation; Rats; Secretogranin II; Sensory/metabolism; Spinal Cord/metabolism; Uterus/*innervation


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Collins J J; Wilson K; Fischer-Colbrie R; Papka R E, “Distribution and origin of secretoneurin-immunoreactive nerves in the female rat uterus.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed February 26, 2024, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/3923.