Anti-tobacco socialization in homes of African-American and white parents, and smoking and nonsmoking parents.

Title

Anti-tobacco socialization in homes of African-American and white parents, and smoking and nonsmoking parents.

Creator

Clark P I; Scarisbrick-Hauser A; Gautam S P; Wirk S J

Publisher

The Journal of adolescent health : official publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine

Date

1999
1999-05

Description

PURPOSE: To examine parental perceptions and behaviors with regard to teen smoking, comparing African-American and white parents, and those who did and did not smoke. METHODS: Focus groups consisting of African-American and white parents who smoked provided initial in-depth information. A computer-assisted telephone survey of a biracial sample of 311 parents of children ages 8 to 17 years provided more generalizable information regarding parental beliefs and behaviors. RESULTS: Nearly 50% of households either allowed teen smoking, had no ground rules, or had set restrictive rules but never communicated them to the children. Compared to white parents, African-American parents felt more empowered to affect their children's behaviors and were more likely to actively participate in anti-tobacco socialization within the home (all p values \textless 0.01). Among the African-American parents, 98% reported 18 years or older to be an appropriate age for teens to make up their own minds about using tobacco, whereas 26% of white parents thought 16 years to be an appropriate age (p \textless 0.001). Parents who smoked reported more frequent rule-making than those who did not smoke (p = 0.02), but were more likely to believe that childhood tobacco use is inevitable (p = 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Many parents are not engaged in antitobacco socialization in the home. Differences in the degree of parental participation may contribute to the variance in smoking prevalence between African-American and white children.

Subject

*African Americans/psychology/statistics & numerical data; *Attitude to Health/ethnology; *European Continental Ancestry Group/psychology/statistics & numerical data; *Parenting/ethnology/psychology; Adolescent; Adolescent Behavior/psychology; Adult; Case-Control Studies; Child; Family Health/ethnology; Female; Focus Groups; Health Surveys; Humans; Male; Ohio/epidemiology; Parents/psychology; Self Efficacy; Smoking/epidemiology/*psychology; Socialization; Statistics as Topic

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

329–339

Issue

5

Volume

24

Citation

Clark P I; Scarisbrick-Hauser A; Gautam S P; Wirk S J, “Anti-tobacco socialization in homes of African-American and white parents, and smoking and nonsmoking parents.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed September 25, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/3945.

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