Carboxylesterase 1 Is Regulated by Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 4alpha and Protects Against Alcohol- and MCD diet-induced Liver Injury.

Title

Carboxylesterase 1 Is Regulated by Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 4alpha and Protects Against Alcohol- and MCD diet-induced Liver Injury.

Creator

Xu Jiesi; Xu Yang; Li Yuanyuan; Jadhav Kavita; You Min; Yin Liya; Zhang Yanqiao

Publisher

Scientific reports

Date

2016
2016-04

Description

The liver is a major organ that controls hepatic and systemic homeostasis. Dysregulation of liver metabolism may cause liver injury. Previous studies have demonstrated that carboxylesterase 1 (CES1) regulates hepatic triglyceride metabolism and protects against liver steatosis. In the present study, we investigated whether CES1 played a role in the development of alcoholic liver disease (ALD) and methionine and choline-deficient (MCD) diet-induced liver injury. Both hepatocyte nuclear factor 4alpha (HNF4alpha) and CES1 were markedly reduced in patients with alcoholic steatohepatitis. Alcohol repressed both HNF4alpha and CES1 expression in primary hepatocytes. HNF4alpha regulated CES1 expression by directly binding to the proximal promoter of CES1. Global inactivation of CES1 aggravated alcohol- or MCD diet-induced liver inflammation and liver injury, likely as a result of increased production of acetaldehyde and reactive oxygen species and mitochondrial dysfunctions. Knockdown of hepatic CES1 exacerbated ethanol-induced steatohepatitis. These data indicate that CES1 plays a crucial role in protection against alcohol- or MCD diet-induced liver injury.

Subject

Alcoholic/*pathology; Alcohols/*toxicity; Animals; Carboxylic Ester Hydrolases/*metabolism; Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury/*pathology; Diet/*adverse effects; Fatty Liver; Gene Expression Regulation; Genetic; Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 4/*metabolism; Hepatocytes/metabolism; Humans; Inbred C57BL; Knockout; Mice; Promoter Regions; Protein Binding

Identifier

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

24277–24277

Volume

6

Citation

Xu Jiesi; Xu Yang; Li Yuanyuan; Jadhav Kavita; You Min; Yin Liya; Zhang Yanqiao, “Carboxylesterase 1 Is Regulated by Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 4alpha and Protects Against Alcohol- and MCD diet-induced Liver Injury.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed June 23, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/4004.

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