Modulation of ten-eleven translocation 1 (TET1), Isocitrate Dehydrogenase (IDH) expression, alpha-Ketoglutarate (alpha-KG), and DNA hydroxymethylation levels by interleukin-1beta in primary human chondrocytes.

Title

Modulation of ten-eleven translocation 1 (TET1), Isocitrate Dehydrogenase (IDH) expression, alpha-Ketoglutarate (alpha-KG), and DNA hydroxymethylation levels by interleukin-1beta in primary human chondrocytes.

Creator

Haseeb Abdul; Makki Mohammad Shahidul; Haqqi Tariq M

Publisher

The Journal of biological chemistry

Date

2014
2014-03

Description

5-Hydroxymethylcytosine (5-hmC) generated by ten-eleven translocation 1-3 (TET1-3) enzymes is an epigenetic mark present in many tissues with different degrees of abundance. IL-1beta and TNF-alpha are the two major cytokines present in arthritic joints that modulate the expression of many genes associated with cartilage degradation in osteoarthritis. In the present study, we investigated the global 5-hmC content, the effects of IL-1beta and TNF-alpha on 5-hmC content, and the expression and activity of TETs and isocitrate dehydrogenases in primary human chondrocytes. The global 5-hmC content was found to be approximately 0.1% of the total genome. There was a significant decrease in the levels of 5-hmC and the TET enzyme activity upon treatment of chondrocytes with IL-1beta alone or in combination with TNF-alpha. We observed a dramatic (10-20-fold) decrease in the levels of TET1 mRNA expression and a small increase (2-3-fold) in TET3 expression in chondrocytes stimulated with IL-1beta and TNF-alpha. IL-1beta and TNF-alpha significantly suppressed the activity and expression of IDHs, which correlated with the reduced alpha-ketoglutarate levels. Whole genome profiling showed an erasure effect of IL-1beta and TNF-alpha, resulting in a significant decrease in hydroxymethylation in a myriad of genes including many genes that are important in chondrocyte physiology. Our data demonstrate that DNA hydroxymethylation is modulated by pro-inflammatory cytokines via suppression of the cytosine hydroxymethylation machinery. These data point to new mechanisms of epigenetic control of gene expression by pro-inflammatory cytokines in human chondrocytes.

Subject

*DNA Methylation; *Epigenesis; 5-hmC; 5-Methylcytosine/analogs & derivatives; Chondrocytes; Chondrocytes/chemistry/*metabolism; Cytokine; Cytosine/*analogs & derivatives/analysis/metabolism; Dioxygenase; DNA Methylation; DNA-Binding Proteins/*biosynthesis/genetics; Epigenetics; Genetic; Humans; IL-1; Interleukin-1beta/pharmacology/*physiology; Isocitrate Dehydrogenase/*biosynthesis/genetics; Ketoglutaric Acids/*metabolism; Messenger/biosynthesis/genetics; Mixed Function Oxygenases; Primary Cell Culture; Proto-Oncogene Proteins/*biosynthesis/genetics; RNA; TNF-alpha; Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/pharmacology/physiology

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

6877–6885

Issue

10

Volume

289

Citation

Haseeb Abdul; Makki Mohammad Shahidul; Haqqi Tariq M, “Modulation of ten-eleven translocation 1 (TET1), Isocitrate Dehydrogenase (IDH) expression, alpha-Ketoglutarate (alpha-KG), and DNA hydroxymethylation levels by interleukin-1beta in primary human chondrocytes.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed July 25, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/4066.

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