A Prospero-related homeodomain protein is a novel co-regulator of hepatocyte nuclear factor 4alpha that regulates the cholesterol 7alpha-hydroxylase gene.

Title

A Prospero-related homeodomain protein is a novel co-regulator of hepatocyte nuclear factor 4alpha that regulates the cholesterol 7alpha-hydroxylase gene.

Creator

Song Kwang-Hoon; Li Tiangang; Chiang John Y L

Publisher

The Journal of biological chemistry

Date

2006
2006-04

Description

Prox1, an early specific marker for developing liver and pancreas in foregut endoderm has recently been shown to interact with alpha-fetoprotein transcription factor and repress cholesterol 7alpha-hydroxylase (CYP7A1) gene transcription. Using a yeast two-hybrid assay, we found that Prox1 strongly and specifically interacted with hepatocyte nuclear factor (HNF)4alpha, an important transactivator of the human CYP7A1 gene in bile acid synthesis and phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK) gene in gluconeogenesis. A real time PCR assay detected Prox1 mRNA expression in human primary hepatocytes and HepG2 cells. Reporter assay, GST pull-down, co-immunoprecipitation, and yeast two-hybrid assays identified a specific interaction between the N-terminal LXXLL motif of Prox1 and the activation function 2 domain of HNF4alpha. Prox1 strongly inhibited HNF4alpha and peroxisome proliferators-activated receptor gamma coactivator-1alpha co-activation of the CYP7A1 and PEPCK genes. Knock down of the endogenous Prox1 by small interfering RNA resulted in significant increase of CYP7A1 and PEPCK mRNA expression and the rate of bile acid synthesis in HepG2 cells. These results suggest that Prox1 is a novel co-regulator of HNF4alpha that may play a key role in the regulation of bile acid synthesis and gluconeogenesis in the liver.

Subject

*Gene Expression Regulation; Aged; Amino Acid Motifs; Bile Acids and Salts/metabolism; Cell Line; Cell Nucleus/metabolism; Cells; Cholesterol 7-alpha-Hydroxylase/*chemistry/*genetics; Cultured/metabolism; Enzymologic; Female; Genes; Genetic; Gluconeogenesis; Glutathione Transferase/metabolism; Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 4/metabolism/*physiology; Hepatocytes/metabolism; Homeodomain Proteins/metabolism/*physiology; Humans; Immunoprecipitation; Liver/metabolism; Luciferases/metabolism; Male; Messenger/metabolism; Middle Aged; Phosphoenolpyruvate Carboxykinase (ATP)/metabolism; Plasmids/metabolism; Protein Structure; Reporter; Response Elements; Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction; RNA; Small Interfering/metabolism; Tertiary; Time Factors; Transcription; Transcriptional Activation; Transfection; Tumor Suppressor Proteins; Two-Hybrid System Techniques

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

10081–10088

Issue

15

Volume

281

Citation

Song Kwang-Hoon; Li Tiangang; Chiang John Y L, “A Prospero-related homeodomain protein is a novel co-regulator of hepatocyte nuclear factor 4alpha that regulates the cholesterol 7alpha-hydroxylase gene.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed September 22, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/4073.

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